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HIST 3330_WK 1

by: Mollie-Kathleen O'Shaughnessy

HIST 3330_WK 1 Hist 3330

Mollie-Kathleen O'Shaughnessy
GPA 3.7
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Ch. 1, pg 20-48 Notes
Early Modern Europe, 1500-1650
Dr. Fox-Horton
Class Notes
history, european




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mollie-Kathleen O'Shaughnessy on Tuesday August 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 3330 at East Tennessee State University taught by Dr. Fox-Horton in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Early Modern Europe, 1500-1650 in History at East Tennessee State University.


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Date Created: 08/23/16
Early Modern Europe: 1450-1789 Ch. 1, 20-48 - Timeline o 1450’s  Development of printing press (with movable parts)  War: Venice vs. Milan, Florence vs. Naples  First contact between Portuguese and Mali Empire o 1453  Ottoman Turks capture the city of Constantinople  End of the Hundred Years War  Pius II becomes Pope - Travel Beyond Europe o Opportunity to grow rich and powerful, motive for new travelers o Developed new business techniques: various forms of contracts (short term & permanent) o Sponsored land and sea expeditions in search for better routes, sources of supply and markets o Merchant colonies were established o Developed permanent trading centers in most Middle Eastern and North African ports o Mercantile Association: Hanseatic League (Hansa)  Controlled fur, fish, wool trade with various countries  Special trading centers: factories o Italian: Mediterranean, Aegean, Black Sea o German: North, Baltic o Portuguese: African coast  Western return routes helped discover Sao Tome, Cape Verde, and Madeira o Expanded trade of slaves and gold (Mali Empire) o Mixing of population o Many drawn to land and sea on pilgrimages o Inns, hostels, and shops were established: provided shelter, food, souvenirs - Individuals in Society o Three groups  Nobles  Clergy  Peasants o Over simplification as there was much more variation within each group itself o Staunchly Christian, ignored Jews and Muslims o Jews were prohibited from owing land  Generally made living in cities o Towns began to grow around military camps, trade crossroads, cathedrals, seaports o Developed forms of self-government, politics o “Social rank” divided by estate and/or order  Based on pedigree, function in society, government service, talent, marriage, money o Hierarchies intersected in various ways - Politics and Power o Between England and France, land was marked between different holdings o Leaders were vassals of the king o Constant shifting of alliances o Germany: politically divided into large areas  Kingdoms, counties, duchies, free cities, religious states  Ruled by bishops, abbots, abbesses, the pope, or lesser nobles  Loosely joined by Holy Roman Empire o Italy: divided into large and small city-states  Ruled by a merchant or single individual  Each jealous of the other o Spain: largely Aragon and Castile  Aragon separately made up of principalities  Navarre, Portugal, Granada: independent  Each had separate laws, courts, coinage, bureaucracy, political institutions - Cultural and Intellectual Life o Still closely linked with religion o Schools were established by wealthy businessmen  Schools eventually turned into universities  Began teaching law, medicine, theology, philosophy  Students were male o Shaped culture and economic life, specifically in cities  Rooming houses, dorms, taverns, brothers, stores o Started the trend of using local dialects, rather than Latin for literature o Vernacular languages began to replace Latin in official/business records  Offered more jobs: notaries, secretaries, clerks  Allowed more people to be literate o Birth of Humanism during the Renaissance - Religious Institutions, Ideas and Practices o Christian church in Western Europe, headed by the Pope o Uniform Church, centralized bureaucracy  Law and church courts  Ruled over marriage and morality  Conflicted with secular rulers  Great Schism 1378-1415  Eastern Church became the Orthodox Church  Lack of unified code, greater autonomy and diversity o Jews and Muslims had a separate and distinct set of religious rituals  Circumcision  Big events were presided over by a religious leader  Neither religion was hierarchical – no individual authority like Christianity’s Pope  Both developed separate codes of law - Economies and Technology o Gains and developments were largely backed by Italian merchants o Florence – tax collectors to the papacy o A large profit came from investments, loans, and exchanges o Cloth Making: first form of capitalistic production in Europe o Craft Guilds produced goods, rather than wage workers  Established written rules to govern workers and production  Apprenticeship contracts offered young men a chance to work  Most did not belong to guilds, made living doing odd jobs throughout cities o City growth was made possible by the influx of immigrants from the countryside o Specialized agricultural production o Ocean trading became faster and more reliable  Merchants developed marine insurance and stock trading o Advancements in weaponry (gunpowder, cannons, sea mines) o More demand for metals o Printing press


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