Psych 1010 Chapter One Notes
Psych 1010 Chapter One Notes PSY 1010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa DeLisio on Wednesday August 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1010 at Ohio University taught by Sandra Hoyt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 08/24/16
Chapter 1: What is Psychology? Basic definition of psychology: the scientific study of behavior and the mind What makes psychology scientific? o Theories, hypothesis, experiments and replications are used o Many studies are done and those studies may be done multiple times to find an exact answer. What is behavior? o Overt actions that can be observed and recorded For example: taking notes or waving What is the mind? o You cannot point to your mind; it is technically not a specific spot or thing in your brain o It seems to be more than just your brain o Your mind is your thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and more o Nobody can see your thoughts or feelings, but you can express them through words or emotions. Theories that Inform Psychology o In the beginning there were no psychologists. We instead started with philosophers, who used logic, and physiologists, who used science, and combined they created psychology. o Psychology started with Wilhelm Wundt in Germany 1879 He opened the first lab to study the new field of psychology in 1879 He developed the theory of structuralism: the basic structures of the mind o William James, 1879, US He started the first psychology lab in the US He was trained as a philosopher Developed idea of functionalism: functions of the mind and it’s purpose. Why do we have certain emotions? Modern Theories o Psychodynamic (or Psychoanalytic) Theory Created by Freud, who was a neurologist He had a few puzzling patients who were in no accident, but became blind or paralyzed, but couldn’t find anything wrong with the eyes and spine. He developed a theorie to this issue… Unconscious thoughts: not aware that these thoughts are happening, but they are and could be creating an issue Sex and death: everything we do is because of sex and aggression, if you think about it. Childhood experiences: early experiences help form your personality Theory of Personality Development: you go through stages to fully develop your personality He believed any of these could cause an unexplained issue to occur Today this theory is used in therapy o Behaviorism (Behavioral Theory) Watson, Skinner, Pavlov (people involved in creating this theory) They said we should only study what is directly observable Which rules out unconscious as well as conscious thoughts and feelings Learning; how we learn various behaviors throughout our lives It is used today in a lot of research as well as therapy. In 1920, this theory became the dominant theory for almost 40 years, until 1960 o Cognitive Theory Piaget, Tajfel, and many others created this theory Deals with thought processes, memory and problem solving They used a computer analogy to explain how our minds work How we store memories is like how computers store data This theory is used in research and for cognitive therapy o Humanistic Theory Maslow, Rogers Based on human potential How can we help others to be the best that they can be and how people may just need assistance with that o Bio-Psychological Theories (there multiple different theries) Gazzaniga and many others involved in creating this theory Deals with the brain, neurons, chemicals, hormones, and genetics Used for research and therapy o Evolutionary Psychology Ekman, Buss and many others Adaptations that shape psychological traits and behaviors that we have and are currently changing Types of Psychology Work o Clinical and counseling- for mental health issues and different types of counseling, like life counseling o Academics- as in professors at a university or college o Industry o Health Fields- work in hospitals, medical companies, etc o Education- teachers or guidance counselors at primary, middle, and high schools
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