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Public Speaking

by: Andrew Isbell

Public Speaking SPC 205

Andrew Isbell

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About this Document

The notes cover the basics of public speaking
Public Speaking
Kimberly K. Harp
Class Notes
speaking, communication, Language
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Andrew Isbell on Wednesday August 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPC 205 at Tri-County Technical College taught by Kimberly K. Harp in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Public Speaking in Speech & Communication at Tri-County Technical College.

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Date Created: 08/24/16
Public Speaking  Andrew Isbell  ­First studied as an art form by the ancient Greeks and Romans. ­Public speaking was used as entertainment, helped spread information, ideas and help people  gain names for themselves. ­Aristotle (Greek) developed the basic speech and writing structure­ introduction, middle and end in order to prime the audience and to better present a point. ­Aristotle also invented the concepts of Ethos, Pathos and Logos which mean “ethics,” “pity,” and “logic” and are employed to better make a point as well.  ­Ethos, Pathos and Logos are most common in persuasive speech. ­Canons of Rhetoric: 1.) Invention – come up with the topic 2.) Arrangement – Design the speech itself  3.) Style – speech is mostly done, this is when considering how it will be told phrasing and word­wise 4.) Delivery – How one uses their voice, movements and speech aids  ­Four main types of communication: 1.) Dyadic – one on one and casual  2.) Small group – similar to dyadic but with at least three people, also typically informal  3.) Mass – one creator or a small group of creators sending out a message in which the exact audience is  unknown. For example, podcasting/radio/television. This is either casual or scripted and may or may not  be live. 4.) Public – one source/small group which has a specific audience which is large. This is typically  scripted and live. Terms: ­Communication Environment­ how someone as an individual feels, their own “bubble” ­Encoder­ someone talking and sending out meaning  ­Decoder­ someone listening and creating meaning  *Note­ usually both encoder and decoder roles are played  ­Feedback­ a response  ­Channel­ how the encoder sends signals, may be verbal or nonverbal  ­Message­ what is being said  ­Noise­ anything which gets in the way of a message. For example, audible sound, visual distraction,  environmental (temperature, smell, etc.) and Psychological (daydreaming, emotional distress, etc.)  ­Evaluation­ the hindsight analysis of how effective a conversation was. ­The more of an overlap with the communication environment of the encoder and decoder, the easier  communication will be. ­Hearing­ ears, a passive action  ­Listening­ the mind, an active action  ­Obstacles of Effective Communication – ­Scriptwriting­ people just waiting for their turn to speak  ­Defensive listening­ active denial of objective facts due to the listener’s views/beliefs being threatened,  listening is cut­off ­Conformation bias­ someone who only listens to speakers with viewpoints which only match their own,  previously established, views/beliefs. ­Laziness/Overconfidence/Close­mindedness or general ignorance 


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