Critical Thinking Week 1
Critical Thinking Week 1 Phil 1010
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Akila Webb on Wednesday August 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 1010 at Georgia State University taught by Yang in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views.
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Date Created: 08/24/16
Critical Thinking & Arguments Critical thinking is the skill of correctly evaluating arguments made by others and composing good arguments of your own. An argument is an attempt to provide reason for thinking that some belief is true. o 2 Parts of an argument: 1. Reason (premises) 2. The belied that those reason are intended to support. (conclusions) A statement is a sentence that makes a claim that is either true or false, every argument is composed of two or more statements. The conclusion is the statement that the argument is intended to support. The premises are the statement that are intended to support the conclusion. Premises and conclusions must be statements, and every statement is either true or false. DO NOT CONFUSE STATEMENTS WITH SENTENCES. Sentences are determined by grammar. Statements are determined by whether it makes a claim that is true or false. One sentence can contain two or more statements. Two or more sentences may contain only one statement. Therefore, DO NOT COUNT SENTENCES IN ORDER TO FIND STATEMENTS. In order to identify statements: You must find a set of statements (premises) that someone claims support another statement (conclusion). Step 1. Look for an attempt to convince. Step 2. Find the conclusion *author’s main point* Step 3. Find the premises *once you’ve found the conclusion, ask why? *