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Study Notes for chapter 1,2,3

by: Vyvian Nguyen

Study Notes for chapter 1,2,3 PSY 344

Marketplace > University of New Mexico > Psychology (PSYC) > PSY 344 > Study Notes for chapter 1 2 3
Vyvian Nguyen

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These notes cover part of the exam
Human Neuropsychology
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vyvian Nguyen on Wednesday August 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 344 at University of New Mexico taught by CLARK in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Human Neuropsychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of New Mexico.


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Date Created: 08/24/16
Study Guide 01 – Introduction to Neuropsychology and the Brain ***Use Chapter 01 and 03, and Lectures as a Resource in Completing  this Study Guide. A completed study guide is due by the end of the  day on August 29  and submitted on UNM Learn. 1. Define human neuropsychology? ­Human neuropsychology is the scientific study of the association  among behavior, cognition, and the brain in humans.  2. Name the four goals of neuropsychological assessment? ­To determine a person’s general level of cerebral functioning,  identify cerebral dysfunction, and localize the injury in the brain. To  document recovery of function after brain injury. To facilitate patient  care and rehabilitation. To identify unusual brain organization (in left  hanes). 3. What are the two theoretical frameworks underlying  neuropsychology? ­The brain hypothesis is one framework which the brain is the source  of behavior. ­The neuron hypothesis is another framework which is the unit of  brain structure and function is the neuron.  4. What are the three main divisions of the brain?  ­The three main divisions of the brain is the Forebrain (cerebrum),  Brainstem, and Cerebellum.  5. Distinguish between sulci and gyri in the cerebral cortex. ­The sulci also known as the sulcus. Another name for the gyri is the  gyrus. They are the outer portion of the brain which is called the  cerebral cortex (“Cortex” is Latin for “bark”). 6. Label A, B, C, D. ­ (A): Frontal bone ­ (B): Parietal bone (“Walls”) ­ (C): Occipital bone (from “occipitus”) ­ (D): Temporal bone 7. Which is the correct order of the meninges from top to bottom. A) pia, dura, arachnoid B) arachnoid, pia, dura C) dura, arachnoid, pia D) arachnoid, dura, pia ­Answer: (C) dura, arachnoid, pia 8. Label A, B, C. A B C ­(A): Anterior cerebral artery ­(B): Middle cerebral artery ­(C): Posterior cerebral artery 9. Where is cerebrospinal fluid found? ­ The cerebrospinal fluid is between the pia mater and arachnoid space. 10. What does it mean to say that the cortex is crossed? ­When the crossed cortex is the brain principle. The left hemisphere= the  right face, right hand, and right leg. The right hemisphere= the left face, left  hand, and left leg. 11. What are the functions of neurons and glial cells? ­Neurons have fibers which connect them to other cells, allowing systems,  or networks, of cells to communicate. Although they are not physically  connected. ­Glia sere as a supportive role in the brain.  12. Communication between cerebral hemispheres occurs via the: A) somatic nerves. B) lateral fissure. C) arcuate fasciculus. D) corpus callosum. ­Answer: (D) corpus callosum 13. Define four methods of brain imaging? (you can find the answer to this  question in the textbook in Chapter 01). ­Four methods of brain imaging are Funtional magnetic resonance imaging  (fMRI), Computed tomography (CT), Electroencephalography (EEG), or  Magnetoencephalography (MEG). 14. What is the distinction between the central nervous system, peripheral  nervous system, and autonomic nervous system? (you can find the answer  to this question in the textbook in Chapter 03). ­The central nervous system is divided into two parts: the brain and the  spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is divided into two main parts:  the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system. The  autonomic nervous system is divided into three parts: the sympathetic  nervous system, the parasympathetic nervous system and the enteric  nervous system. 15. What is neuroplasticity and how does this brain principle influence  neuropsychological assessment? (you can find the answer to this question  in the textbook in Chapter 01). ­Neuroplasticity is the brain’s capacity to change and adapt. This brain  principle influences neuropsychological assessment because the human  brain reorganizes itself by forming new connections between brain cells.


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