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Psy 1010, Week 1 notes

by: Kaitlyn Meinzer

Psy 1010, Week 1 notes PSY 1010

Marketplace > Ohio University > PSY 1010 > Psy 1010 Week 1 notes
Kaitlyn Meinzer
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Week 1 of notes for the first exam
General Psychology
Mark Alicke
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Meinzer on Wednesday August 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1010 at Ohio University taught by Mark Alicke in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 241 views.


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Date Created: 08/24/16
General Psychology PSY 1010 122 LEC (4673) Mark Alicke • Importance Of Psychology ◦ As a field of Psychology ‣ Neuroscience ‣ Evolutionary ‣ Behavioral ‣ Cognitive ‣ Development ‣ Social-Cultural ◦ Psychological Well-Being and Personal Growth ‣ Stress ‣ Depression ‣ Personal Goals ◦ Interpersonal Communication and Conflict Resolution ‣ Relationship Conflict ‣ Intergroup Conflict ◦ Social Engineering ‣ How to make better people ‣ How to make a better world • Scientific Psychology ◦ Why study psychology as a science? ◦ The need for psychology as a science ‣ Critical Thinking • Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions ◦ Examines assumptions ◦ Discerns hidden values ◦ evaluates evidence ‣ Science is the opposite of faith • its the need of facts and proof ‣ Relies on empirical observation • knowledge acquired via the senses • Types of Psychological Explanation ◦ Descriptive ‣ Case Study • Psychological study one or more individuals in great depth in the hope of revealing things true of us all ‣ Survey • Technique for ascertaining the self-reported attitudes or behaviors of people ‣ Naturalistic Observation • Observing and recording behavior n naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate the control of the situation ◦ Correlation Research ‣ What things go together ‣ Prediction ‣ Correlation is not a causation ◦ Causal-Explanatory Experimental Research ‣ Science seeks to establish laws stated in cause-effect terms ‣ Casual relationships help in prediction and explanation • Example: ◦ Cigarette smoking -------> Cancer • Experimentation ◦ Controlled observation to rule out all possible determinants of a phenomenon except the one in which we are interested ◦ Steps in Experimental Research ‣ 1. Formulate Hypothesis • Previous research • Observation • Example:Smoking marijuana causes memory loss ◦ Cause (smoking marijuana) -------> Effect (memory loss) ‣ 2. Translate Hypothesis into Experimental Design • Operationally define constructs ◦ An operational definition contains instructions about how to observe and measure a construct • Identity Independent Variables • Must have two independent variables ◦ factor that the experimenter manipulates to asses its potential effects (marijuana smoking vs. placebo control) ‣ levels of independent variable ‣ cause of the phenomenon • Identify Dependent Variables ◦ What the Experimenter assesses to see if the independent variable had an effect ‣ (memory loss) ‣ 3. Selection and Assignment of Subjects • Random Selection ◦ Drawing a sample from a population such that each member of the population has an equally likely chance of being selected. ‣ works to get the best results ‣ The bigger the selection samples, the better the results are • Random Assignment ◦ Each subject has an equally likely chance of being places in any experimental condition ◦ Rule out subject factors ‣ 4. Control Extraneous Factors • Example: characteristics of Experimenter • Characteristics of setting


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