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Intro to World Geo- Week 1-2

by: Megan Notetaker

Intro to World Geo- Week 1-2 1123

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > History > 1123 > Intro to World Geo Week 1 2
Megan Notetaker
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North America and general intro
Intro world geography
Christopher Nunley
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Notetaker on Wednesday August 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Christopher Nunley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Intro world geography in History at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 08/24/16
Look up continental- continental plate, ocean to continent plate 1. Intro to Geo a. Geography: study of the spatial distribution of people, places, and things b. 4 essentials of a map are: title, scale indicator, orientation, and legend c. Remote sensing: gaining info about object/phenomenon without making physical contact with it d. GIS: geographical information systems e. Realm: basic special unit for the world. Study 12 geo realms this semester i. 3 basic criteria of geo realm are: physical, functional, and historical ii. Regions are subsets within a realm iii. 5 criteria of a region are : area, homogeneity, setting boundaries, location, surroundings system boundary f. Technology, ex. Social media, has made the world interconnected g. 2/3rds of world is covered by water h. Supercontinent Pangaea existed, plate tectonics broke the continent apart i. 3 types of plate processes (plate boundaries) 1. Divergent 2. Convergent 3. Transform a. Ring of fire is most geologically active region 2. Climate a. Climate: Long term conditions of weather over a region, by averages b. Weather: could be defined as average of conditions of the atmosphere c. Climate and geography defines where people live, their subsistence, politics and economics. Some regions are defined by climate d. Glaciations and deglaciation occur and impact the sea levels e. Latitude and longitude: i. Latitude 1. North to south 2. Also known as parallels equator 3. 0 to 90 degrees Prime 4. Lines never cross ii. Longitude meridian Look up continental- continental plate, ocean to continent plate 1. East to west 2. Known as meridians 3. 0 to 180 degrees 4. Lines converge at the poles f. Controls on climate i. Latitude: 1. Higher lats end to be cooler (less direct sunlight) 2. Lower lats are warmer (closer to equator) ii. Altitudes 1. Higher alt. are usually cooler (rocky mts) 2. Lower alts. Are warmer temps (death valley) iii. Continentality 1. Coastal areas tend to water have moderate temps 2. Locations in center of continent tend to have more extremes high lats (artic circle 66.5-90 degree N) middle lats (tropic of cancer 23.5- 66.5 N) Equator ( 0 degrees) Middle lats Tropic of Capricorn (23. 5-66.5S) Lower lats (0-23.5S) g. Urbanization: i. Population moving into urban areas 1. Worldwide, most predominate in east Asia h. Deurbanization: i. Population moving away from urban area 1. Crime, economy, jobs, taxes, climate, natural disasters (new Orleans) i. Language geography i. 15 main language families 1. Indo-European is the most widespread spoken language type a. Ex. English, French, Spanish 2. Product of European colonization of the world in the 18 -19 century ii. Most business/trade is done in the English language Look up continental- continental plate, ocean to continent plate iii. People are moving toward the coast or near a large body of water, largest population cluster is in East Asia j. What is an assimilation? i. Assimilation: process by which a person or groups language & culture come to resemble those of another group k. Religion i. Christianity: 2 billion followers ii. Islam: 1.2 billion followers ( its growing) iii. Hinduism: 811 followers iv. Buddhism: 360 million followers l. What is a state? i. Politically organized territory ii. Administered by sovereign gov iii. Recognized by international community m. States and Nations i. Nation: all citizens of state, group of people with strong linguistic, ethnic, religious, and cultural commonality ii. Nation state: country whose population possesses a substantial degree of cultural similarities and unity (e.g., Japan, most European countries) n. Nation, state, and nation state i. Nation: community of people who share a common language, culture ethnicity, descent, and/or history. In this definition there is not physical borders ii. state gov: is an organized political community living under a gov iii. Nation state: state that self-identifies as deriving its political legitimacy from serving as a sovereign entity for a nation as a sovereign territorial unit st nd rd o. Economicsteography: 1 2 3 world countries i. 1 : capitalist countries (US/Western Europe) 1. General prosperity and well developed ii. 2 : socialist countries (USSR/Cuba/North Korea) 1. Between prosperity and Poverty rd iii. 3 : Non communistic nor capitalistic typically colonies (S. America, SE Asia, Africa) 1. Non developed, Poverty, Poverty rampant North America Look up continental- continental plate, ocean to continent plate 1. Geographic regions of N. America (21% of world’s economy Canada is 2%) a. Coastal and interior lowlands b. Eastern mountains c. Western plateau, mountains, and valleys 2. Water areas and river deltas: a. 3 major areas of drainage i. Great lakes ii. Mississippi river system iii. Great basin b. Longest river: is Mississippi and Missouri rivers (2,341 mi) Montana to gulf of Mexico c. Largest lake: Superior (31,820 sq mi) d. Deepest lake: Great Slave lake (2,010 ft. deep in NW territory) 3. Coastal and interior lowlands: a. Area of plains and lowlands between eastern and western mountains & Atlantic coast b. Constitutes bulk of the continent and largest landform region c. Most populated region d. Largest area for natural resources 4. Canadian Shield (1/4 of N.A.) a. 4 billion years old, developed through several geologic events 5. Craton: continental crust that has remained relatively stable for the past 600 million yrs 6. Atlantic Coastal plain a. Area of land at the base of the App. Mountains b. Broad, flat, plain gently sloping to the ocean c. Known as the piedmont 7. Landscape: Down warping a. West coast is more recently tectonically active, East Coast not b. West coast is rising while the east coast is sinking 8. Mississippi river a. 31 states and 2 Canadian provinces drain into MS River b. 4 longest and 10 largest system in the world c. Floodplain of the MS River i. Most important economic region in N.A. ii. Very fertile farmland and culturally important 9. The Delta (alluvial floodplain) 10. Eastern Mountains (App Mountains) a. Formed from continental-continental convergence in Pangea (NO Subduction) b. Very old and eroded c. Spans from Alabama to New Foundland Look up continental- continental plate, ocean to continent plate 11. Plateaus a. Zone between Rocky and Sierra Mountains b. Colorado Plateau: 7,000 ft c. Basin and Range: 1-2000 ft 12. Western mountains ex. Sierra Nevada, Cascade, Coastal (Canada), Rockies, Costal Range a. Sierra Nevada: i. Located in CA and Nevada ii. Steep rise in elevation on east face, gradual on west face iii. Not volcanic b. Coastal Ranges i. Westward, contiguous US Range ii. LA to Washington iii. Smaller peaks (<4000 ft) iv. Formed from Transform plate boundary (San Andreas Fault) v. Separated from Sierra Nevada Mts. By the San Joaquin Basin c. Geo Book Notes 1. Chapter 3 a. US population is growing by 25% more than Canada. b. Both Contires have a diverse population i. Canada designated English and French as their primary languages c. Cultural diversity d. Physiographic regions e. Climate i. North America has a contrast of climate ranging from arid to moist coastal areas. ii. Rain shadow effect 1. Extends across the great plains iii. Us has 2 drainage systems: Mississippi- Missouri system, and great lakes iv. Economies are affected by geography, natural resources and v.


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