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Aftermath of the Civil War

by: Sabrina Knox

Aftermath of the Civil War HIST 1302

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > History > HIST 1302 > Aftermath of the Civil War
Sabrina Knox

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About this Document

These notes cover what happens after the Civil War
History Of The United States Since 1865
Professor Patrick Iber
Class Notes
civil, War, aftermath
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sabrina Knox on Wednesday August 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1302 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Professor Patrick Iber in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see History Of The United States Since 1865 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 08/24/16
Aftermath of the Civil War (What do we do now?) The Death Toll  Death Toll: 620,000 o Equivalent to 6 million today in proportion to the population o More Americans died in the Civil War than in all other wars combined (from the Revolution to Iraq). The Confederacy was hit harder. There were places where 10% of men (fighting age) who had died. There were many women who were widows and many children without fathers. o Kills off a significant chunk of the adult male population in America.  Practicalities of dealing with the dead o How to bury them all?  In other wars it was possible to have a burial plan in place, but in the Civil war that was not the case. There was nothing official and many of the bodies were not ever buried or found. o How to identify them and tell their families?  Often they are not identified. Half the dead were unidentified. People didn’t have the closure of knowing what happened. Collecting Bones at Cold Harbor, VA  People who were not ever buried. They were just unidentified bones on the field. Coping with the Losses  People on both sides had to cope with tremendous disruption, grief, and loss. o Become a source of reunification: everyone suffered the same things. o Become a source of disunion as well: make those @*+# Rebels pay!!! (people from the Confederacy hated the Union)  A longing to go back to normal (status quo ante bellum) – people wanted to make it seem like it never happened. They wanted things to go back to normal as fast as possible, but the freedmen don’t want things to go back to where they were. Moral Questions  Total War o A total war is there are effectively no civilians. It is whole societies against each other, which h means it is permissible to attack citizen infrastructure and towns. You’re not just fighting the army, you are fighting everything that supports it. o No longer army vs. army: in total war, it’s entire population against each other. o Is there anything that is immoral in war? Any tactics that should not be used?  New warfare technologies: are there some technologies that should not be used? Remembering  Decoration/Memorial Day o Who does it honor? They honor soldiers (veterans or soldiers who have given their life). The exact war doesn’t matter so much. They fought bravely and they died bravely, so we honor them for that. o The Confederates were officially included as graves of American soldiers. o Does it take sides, or care about causes? Was the cause you fought and died for worth what you fought and died for? There is a time for saying yes the Confederates fought hard, but there is also a time where we say the Confederates fought for a failed system.  The myth of the “Lost Cause” or the “Old South.” o They paint a romantic picture of the Old South. o It was the idea the Southern society was wonderful and beautiful. o What does it romanticize? Masters were almost seen as knights. They came up against the dehumanizing force of the North and it was not possible for them to win, but they could at least try. It is a romantic story and a good myth, but the trouble with it is it’s not fully true. It romanticizes a small fragment of society. It leaves out the fact that the reality of slaves was different and that a majority of white people had poverty. o Who does it leave out? The Confederacy even today is still romanticized.


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