New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

US History Reconstruction Notes (Week 1)

by: Julia Notetaker

US History Reconstruction Notes (Week 1) HIST 2112

Marketplace > Kennesaw State University > History > HIST 2112 > US History Reconstruction Notes Week 1
Julia Notetaker

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from the first week covering the post-civil war era, specifically reconstruction in the south.
U.S. History Since 1877
R.G. Mannion
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in U.S. History Since 1877

Popular in History

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Notetaker on Wednesday August 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2112 at Kennesaw State University taught by R.G. Mannion in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see U.S. History Since 1877 in History at Kennesaw State University.


Reviews for US History Reconstruction Notes (Week 1)


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/24/16
Chapter 17 – Reconstruc2on 1865-1877 Civil War Ends 1865 ​ Lincoln’s 10% Plan 10% of each confederate state must swear allegiance to the constitution before being apart of the union again. Congress’s Wade-Davis Plan 50% of each confederate state must swear allegiance to the cons6tu6on before being apart of the union again. ​ • After the 13 amendment was passed (freeing slaves), many of the newly freed slaves suffered as they were not yet considered citizens. In Lincoln’s original emancipation proclamation, he implied that former slaves would become citizens but was defined by state law in which the southern states did not have at the current moment. Assassina2on of President Lincoln • April 14 , 1865: Lincoln was assassinated in the Ford’s theatre – shot point-blank at the back of his head. • Andrew Johnson (VP) then took over office • Johnson granted many former confederate soldiers pardons and opposed the sentiment to grant the vote to African Americans. Black Codes • Black codes were enacted across the confederate states to restrict newly-freed slaves of certain rights. • “The ex-slave was not a free man; he was a free Negro” Radical Republicans/Republican Moderates • Once the black codes were passed, republican moderates swayed more towards the radical republican’s views on how to reconstruct the south. • Secessionists and President Andrew Johnson believed that the south never left the union while radical republicans argued that they did. • Secessionists and President Andrew Johnson believed that the south never left the union while radical republicans argued that they did. • Johnson vetoed many of congress’s bills to try and give rights to freedmen but was th overruled by congress on July 16 , 1866 establishing the freedmen’s Bureau Reconstruc2on Amendments th • 13 – Freeing all slaves (1865) • 14 – Citizenship for freedmen (1868) th • 15 – Voting rights for African-Americans (1869) Congressional Reconstruc2on • The Command of the Army Act – required that all orders from the commander in chief go through Ulysses S. Grant as the radical republicans distrusted President Johnson. • The Tenure of Office Act – required the president to ask permission from the senate before removing any federal officeholder whose appointment the senate had already confirmed. • The Military Reconstruction Act – halted due to the triumphant victory of Radical Reconstruction. Republicans in the South • Carpetbaggers – Northerners who rushed to the south with hopes of economic opportunity and other attractions; packed all their belongings in carpetbags. • Scalawags – the most hated type of republican; southern born white citizens in favor of the radical republicans. • Freedmen – newly freed slaves. Democrats in the South • KKK – fraternity originally formed as a social group but then evolved into scaring republicans (mainly freedmen) from voting. • “Force Acts” were passed that gave permission to use military force to counter KKK • Supreme Court eventually found many laws passed by congress and Grant to be unconstitutional Congressional Elec2ons of 1874 • Republicans lose 96 seats in congress while democrats picked up 93 seats • Obvious national weariness with reconstruction 1876 Presiden2al Elec2on • Hayes (republican) VS. Tilden (democrat) • Popular vote was very close while electoral college was inconclusive Compromise of 1877 • 7 republicans, 7 democrats, and 1 neutral were chosen to decide the winner of the election • Republicans won presidency but the federal troops were also withdrawn from the election • Republicans won presidency but the federal troops were also withdrawn from the south • Threat of a civil war was averted 1877 Radical Reconstruc2on Ends Short Term Gains: • Blacks now had opportunities they did not have before • Also gained political voice Long Term Failure: • Jim Crow emerges (state sanctioned segregation) • One party political system remained in the south • Regional animosity and political divide Chapter 17 Summary – Reconstruc5on Chronology: ❖ 1864 – Lincoln refuses to sign the Wade-Davis Bill ❖ 1865 – Congress sets up the Freedmen’s Bureau ❖ April 14th, 1865 – Lincoln is assassinated ❖ 1866 – Ku Klux Klan is organized o Congress passes Civil Rights Act ❖ 1867 – Congress passes Military Reconstruction Act o Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act ❖ 1868 – Fourteenth Amendment is ratified o Congress impeaches President Andrew Johnson; the Senate fails to convict him ❖ 1877 – Compromise of 1877 ends Reconstruction Important People During Reconstruc5on: ➢ President Lincoln – President during civil war; assassinated afterwards. ➢ President Andrew Johnson – formally VP to Lincoln but was sworn in after his assassination. ➢ Thaddeus Stevens – Radical Republican in the Joint Committee on Reconstruction; also was a manger of impeachment proceedings during the trial of Andrew Johnson. ➢ Horace Greeley – Ran against President Grant in the 1872 election; editor of the New York Tribune and promoted vegetarianism, socialism, and spiritualism; lost election ➢ Rutherford B. Hayes – presidential candidate that won the election of 1876 ➢ Samuel Tilden – ran against Hayes Key Points: ▪ Reconstruction – Lincoln and Johnson both wanted a lenient and quick solution for Reconstruction. His assassination made many northerners favor the radical republicans’ views on how to reconstruct the south. Congress stipulated that the confederate states had to ratify the 14 and 15 amendments in order to re-enter the union and also passed the military reconstruction act. ▪ Southern Violence – the south was content to ratify the 13 amendment but not the th th 14 or 15 ; blamed the freedmen and northerners for their poverty. Mobs began to attack blacks in 1866 and the Ku Klux Klan was also formed that year. ▪ Freed Slaves – suffered economically; given freedom but nothing else. Many took part in independent churches they established while other participated in politics during the last phase of reconstruction. Slavery was abolished but there was still “virtual slavery” (sharecropping, tenant farming, etc.) ▪ Grant Administration – members of the administration were almost all corrupt involving scandals to corner the gold market, construction of the intercontinental railroad, and the whiskey ring’s plan to steal millions of dollars in tax revenue. ▪ Grant Administration – members of the administration were almost all corrupt involving scandals to corner the gold market, construction of the intercontinental railroad, and the whiskey ring’s plan to steal millions of dollars in tax revenue. ▪ End of Reconstruction – Most southern states had re-entered the union by 1876. The election that year was so close that a secret meeting was conducted to decide the winner. The votes went to the republicans in exchange for the federal troops to be withdrawn from the remaining states.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.