SOC 3970 Week 1 Lecture Notes
SOC 3970 Week 1 Lecture Notes SOC 3970
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Joannes on Wednesday August 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 3970 at Clemson University taught by Professor Shannon McDonough in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Substance Abuse in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 08/24/16
SOC 3970 Lecture Notes Week of August 21, 2016 August 23, 2016 Lecture Reference PowerPoint: “Lecture 1 - Drug Use: An Overview/Introduction” • Principles of Psychoactive Drugs o Drugs are not intrinsically good or bad o Every drug has multiple effects § Both short and long-term o Both the size and the quality of a drug’s effect depend on the amount the individual has taken o The effects of any psychoactive drug depend also on the individual’s history and expectations o A lot of beliefs about the effects of drugs have been distorted by the media • Key Concepts and Definitions o Deviant drug use: drug use that is not common within a social group and is disapproved of by the majority o Drug misuse: use of drugs or chemicals in greater amounts than prescribed. This can mean abuse but isn’t always. o Drug abuse: substance use in a manner, an amount, or in situations such that it causes social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems. o Drug dependence: state in which an individual uses a drug so frequently or consistently that it would be difficult for the person to stop. § This can mean physical or psychological dependences. Not always at the same time, nor always one before the other. § Physical dependence: when the body has adapted to the drug’s presence to the extent that if use of the drug is stopped suddenly, withdrawal symptoms will occur. (Alcohol is the most dangerous to withdraw from) § Psychological dependence: often what is being referred to when we use the word “addiction”. Tendency to relapse. Types of Dependences Example Psychological Physical Dependence? Dependence? The use of painkillers to fight a painful injury No - Yes + Ecstasy, marijuana (if used very often) Yes + No - Note: this type of dependence combination is more common Cigarettes and other tobacco products Yes + Yes + • Substance Use Disorders o Mild? Moderate? Severe? § MILD: 2-3 of the 11 symptoms § MODERATE: 4-5 of the 11 symptoms § SEVERE: 6 or more of the 11 symptoms o Problematic substance use can be defined with the following 11 symptoms § The substance is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended. Example: Binge Drinking § There is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control the substance use. § A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain the substance, use it, or recover from it § Craving, or a strong to desire to use the substance § Recurrent substance use resulting in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home § Continued substance use despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused by the effects of the substance. § Important social, occupational, or recreational activities are given up or reduced because of the substance use § Recurrent substance use in situations in which is physically hazardous. Example: drinking & driving § Substance use is continued despite knowledge of having a problem § Tolerance (physical) § Withdrawal (physical) o Classified has having a substance use disorder either with or without physiological dependence § If somebody exhibits the last two symptoms listed above, they would be considered somebody who has a substance use disorder with physiological dependence. Effects of Drugs – note: can be positive, negative, or “neutral” Acute Effects Chronic Effects (Short-term effects) (Long-term effects) Behavioral Effects Acute Behavioral Effects Chronic Behavioral Effects Example: ALCOHOL Example: SSRI Reduced inhibition Decrease in OCD symptoms Physical/Physiological Acute Physical Effects Chronic Physical Effects Effects Example: COCAINE Example: SMOKING Increased heart rate Lung cancer • Toxicity: poisonous, deadly, or dangerous o There are four types of toxicity. For the following, alcohol will be used as an example to demonstrate a form of each. § Acute Behavioral Toxicity: becoming violent, drinking & driving § Chronic Behavioral Toxicity: personality changes, relationships effected § Acute Physiological Toxicity: Alcohol poisoning, vomiting, black out, overdose § Chronic Physiological Toxicity: Liver failure, brain damage
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