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Spanish 101 Week 1 Notes and Vocabulary

by: Jennifer Lawrence

Spanish 101 Week 1 Notes and Vocabulary Spanish 101

Marketplace > Brenau University > Foreign Language > Spanish 101 > Spanish 101 Week 1 Notes and Vocabulary
Jennifer Lawrence

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You will learn how to: greet people in Spanish, say goodbye, identify yourself and others, and talk about the time of day. There are flash card snippets and a diagram to help you visually understan...
Introduction to Spanish
Professor Colombini
Class Notes
#Spanish #grammar, #BrenauUniversity




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Lawrence on Wednesday August 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Spanish 101 at Brenau University taught by Professor Colombini in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Spanish in Foreign Language at Brenau University.


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Date Created: 08/24/16
Week One Notes:  Week One:  You will learn how to: greet people in Spanish, say goodbye, identify yourself and others, and  talk about the time of day.  I. Pronunciation and the Spanish alphabet A. The Spanish and English alphabets are similar, but not the same.  1. The Spanish letter ñ (eñe) doesn’t occur in the  English alphabet.  2. The letters k (ka) and w (doble ve) are only in a  word of foreign origin.  3. Ch and ll are digraphs (two letters that produce one sound).  4. The rr combination makes a rolling sound. Sort of  like a motor.  B. The Spanish alphabet II.  Nouns and Articles A. All nouns (living and nonliving) has a gender: masculine or  feminine. Nouns can also be singular or plural.  1. Some genders of nouns are determined by the  articles el and la.  a) Examples: el joven/ la joven; el  estudiante/ la estudiante 2. Certain noun endings are associated with a specific gender:   Common Masc. Noun Endings :            Common Fem. Noun Endings:            ­o ­a ­or ­ora ­ista ­ista ­ma ­ción  ­s ­dad 3. It is important to memorize the gender with the  noun!!!!!!!!!!!! Because… el mapa (map) and el día (day) are masculine  and la mano (hand) is feminine.   B. To form plural nouns, add ­s or ­es.            1. When a singular noun has an accent mark on the last syllable, the accent mark is dropped from the plural form. Example: la lección → las lecciones and el autobús → los autobuses. 2. Use the masculine plural form to refer to both  genders in a group. Example: 6 chicos + 8 chicas = 14 chicos.  III. Numbers                        A. Before masculine nouns, uno changes to un and before feminine  nouns, uno changes to una.  B. To add (+), use más, to subtract (­), use menos and to equal (=),  use son.  IV. Present Tense of the Verb ser and Subject Pronouns A. Subject pronouns replace the noun and acts as the subject of the  verb.                           1. The Spanish equivalent to the subject it (English)  is es. Example: Es un problema. (It is a problem.) 2. The verb ser is irregular.  3. Ser expresses possession by using de. Examples:  a. ¿De quién es? (Who is it?) b. ¿De quién son? (Whose are they?)       4. When de is followed by  el, they combine into del. Example:  a. Son las maletas del chico. (They are the boy’s suitcases.)      5. Ser uses de to express origin, as well. Example: a.  Es de Argentina. (He is from  Argentina.)      6. Do not use indefinite articles (un, una) after ser when referring to          professions, unless it is describing something. Examples: a.  Marta es profesora. (Marta is a  teacher.) b. Marta es una profesora excelente.  (Marta is an excellent teacher.) V.  1. Use es + la with una and son + las with all other hours. Example: a. Es la una. (It is one.) b. Son las seis. (It is six.) 2. Use y cuatro or y quince for 15 minutes after the hour.  3. Use y media or y treinta for 30 minutes after the hour. 4. To express time after the half hour to the hour, start subtracting the minutes  instead of adding them. For example: Son las ocho menos veinte to say it is 7:55.  A simple diagram to try and explain telling time: VOCABULARIO  Hola. Hello; Hi.  Mucho gusto. Pleased to meet you. Buenos días. Good morning. El gusto es mío. The pleasure is mine. Buenas tardes. Good afternoon. Encantado/a. Delighted; Pleased to meet  Buenas noches. Good night. you. Igualmente.   Likewise.  Adíos. Good bye.  Éste/Ésta es… This is… Nos vemos. See you.  Le presento a… I would like to introduce  you to (name). (form.) Hasta luego. See you later.  Hasta la vista. See you later.  Te presento a… I would like to introduce  Hasta pronto. See you soon.  you to (name.) (fam.)  Hasta mañana. See you tomorrow.  el nombre Name Saludos a… Greetings to…  Chau. Bye.  ¿De dónde es usted? Where are you  from? (form.) ¿De dónde eres? Where are you from?  ¿Cómo está usted? How are you? (form.)  ¿Cómo estás? How are you? (fam.)  (fam.)  ¿Qué hay de nuevo? What’s new?  Soy de… I am from…  ¿cuánto(s)/a(s)? How much/ many? ¿Qué pasa? What’s happening?; What’s  going on?  ¿de quién…? Whose…? (sing.) ¿Qué tal? How are you?; How is it going?  ¿de quiénes…? Whose…? (plural) (Muy) bien, gracias. (Very) well, thanks.  (no) hay... There is (not); There are (not) Nada. Nothing.  No muy bien. Not very well. Argentina Argentina Regular. So­so; OK. Costa Rica Costa Rica Cuba Cuba Ecuador Ecuador Con permiso. Pardon me; Excuse me. De nada. You’re welcome. España Spain Lo siento. I’m sorry. Estados Unidos (EE. UU.) United States México Mexico (Muchas) gracias. Thank you (very much);  Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Thanks (a lot). No hay de qué. You’re welcome. El autobús Bus Perdón. Pardon me; Excuse me. La capital Capital city Por favor Please El chico Boy señor (Sr.); don Mr.; sir La chica Girl La computadora Computer señora (Sra.); doña Mrs.; ma’am La comunidad Community señorita (Srta.) Miss ¿Cómo se llama usted? What’s your  El/la conductor(a) Driver La conversación Conversation name? (form.) La cosa Thing ¿Cómo te llama? What’s your name?  (fam.) El cuaderno Notebook Me llamo...  My name is… El día Day El diario Diary ¿Y usted?  And you? (form.) El diccionario Dictionary ¿Y tú? And you? (fam.)  VOCABULARIO  cognates such as el animal, el  apartamento, el color, etc.  La escuela School El/la estudiante Student La foto(grafía) Photograph El hombre Man El/la joven Youth; young person El lápiz Pencil La lección Lesson La maleta Suitcase La mano Hand El mapa Map La mujer Woman La nacionalidad Nationality El número Number El país Country La palabra Word El/la pasajero/a Passenger El problema Problem El/la profesor (a) Teacher El programa Program El/la turista Tourist El video Video Ser To be (verb) COGNATES: Cognates are words that have similar meanings and spellings in both  English and Spanish such as profesora  and turista. But watch out for false 


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