Art History Notes
Art History Notes AAH 1010
Popular in Survey of Art and Architectural History I
Popular in Arts and Humanities
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daria on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AAH 1010 at Clemson University taught by Beth A. Lauritis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 129 views. For similar materials see Survey of Art and Architectural History I in Arts and Humanities at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 08/25/16
Chapter 1 Ancient Art ● The meanings of art stands different for different cultures ● Before writing, people communicated through pictures ● Reality is constructed with the art that the people make so “reality” to different cultures varies widely. These ideals that the people have shift the idea of reality. ● Radiocarbon dating is a way to determine how old something is as long as it’s organic, with some certainty in a given range. Why is Art Done in Certain Ways? ● All art is done for a specific reason. The artists and architects want to show a meaning or artistic signature. ● The materials used is based on what is available ● Many ritualistic and spiritualistic objects are made Definitions ● Line a one dimensional stroke that can be made longer or shorter, thinner or thicker, and manipulated in other ways ● Plane a two dimensional flat that has an x and y component ● Color the shade on the light spectrum used in artwork ● Light the amount of exposure the artwork displays ● Detail the complexity of a piece of art ● Depth created by overlapping objects in the same piece of art ● Medium the material used to make the artwork ● Form the taking up of space in a piece of artwork ● Volume a three dimensional piece of art ● Movement the display of artwork that creates the effect of something in motion, showing dynamics, rather than stillness ● Hierarchic the largest or most prominent part of artwork ● Relief it is attached to something ○ Low Relief slightly embossed piece of artwork that doesn’t come out far ○ High Relief a piece that sticks far out of artwork ● Elevation aerial view of something ● Focal Point where the eye moves to TImeline ● Prehistory timeline ○ Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) 40,0009,000 BC ○ Neolithic (New Stone Age) 8,0002,300 BC ■ Begins 8,000 BC in Near East ■ Begins 4,000 BC in Europe Radiocarbon Dating ● Radiocarbon dating is a way to determine when something was from. ● It determines the age of the carbon in the organic chemical based on its decay. All organic objects have carbon. ● It gives a date range to figure out when around the time it was created. ● Drawback the object is taken apart a little bit to be tested. It doesn’t preserve the ancient artwork completely. The jasperite Makapansgat Pebble found in South Africa is determined to be from 3,000,000 BC.
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