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Language of Anatomy: Week 1

by: Michelle Morales

Language of Anatomy: Week 1 BSC 2085L

Marketplace > Hillsborough Community College > Science > BSC 2085L > Language of Anatomy Week 1
Michelle Morales

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About this Document

Explains the anatomical position, body landmarks, and body planes.
Human Anatomy/Physiology I (Lab)
David Worley
Class Notes
anatomy, Human Body, anatomical position, Anatomical terms, lab




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michelle Morales on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BSC 2085L at Hillsborough Community College taught by David Worley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy/Physiology I (Lab) in Science at Hillsborough Community College.


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Date Created: 08/25/16
Sunday, August 28, y Language of Anatomy Anatomical Position:   The body is erect with the arms on the side and the palms facing forward. •   major divisions of the body:  1. Axial: Consists of the head, neck and trunk. 2. Appendicular: Consists of the limbs and their attachments. •  ody Landmarks: A. Anterior (Front): • Abdominal: body trunk • Acromial: point of the shoulders • Antebrachial: forearm • Antecubital: anterior (front) surface of the elbow • Axillary: armpit • Brachial: arm • Buccal: cheek • Carpal: wrist • Cephalic: head • Cervical: neck • Coxal: hip • Crural: leg • Digital: fingers/toes • Femoral: thigh • Fibular: side of the leg • Frontal: forehead 1 Sunday, August 28, y • Hallux: big toe • Inguinal: groin area • Mammary: breast   • Manus: hand • Mental: chin • Nasal: nose • Oral: mouth • Orbital: eye socket • Palmar: palm of hands • Patellar: anterior (front) part of the kneecap • Pedal: foot • Pelvic: pelvis • Pollex: thumbs B. Posterior (Back): • Acromial: point of shoulders • Brachial: arm • Calcaneal: heel of the foot • Cephalic: head • Dorsum: back • Femoral: thigh • Gluteal: butt • Lumbar: back between the ribs and hips • Manus: hand • Occipital: posterior (back) of the head • Olecranial: posterior (back) of the elbow • Otic: ear 2 Sunday, August 28, y • Pedal: foot • Perineal: between the anus and external genitalia • Plantar: sole of the foot • Sacral: region between the hips • Scapular: shoulder blade • Sural: calf of legs • Vertebral: area of spinal column Other terms: • Pubic: Genital area • Sternal: region of the breastbone • Tarsal: ankle • Thoracic: chest • Umbilical: navel Body Orientation: ­ ANTERIOR (FRONT) ­ POSTERIOR (BACK) ­ MEDIAL (TOWARDS THE MIDDLE/MIDLINE) ­ LATERAL (AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE) ­ CEPHALAD (SUPERIOR/INFERIOR) TOWARDS THE HEAD (UP) OR THE TAIL  (DOWN) ­ VENTRAL (BELLY) ­ DORSAL (BACK) ­ PROXIMAL (CLOSER TO THE TRUNK OF THE BODY) 3 Sunday, August 28, y ­ DISTAL (AWAY FROM THE TRUNK OF THE BODY) ­ SUPERFICIAL (EXTERNAL) ­ DEEP (INTERNAL) Body Planes:  •   gittal Plane:  Runs longitudinally (up and down) which divides the body into right and  left halves. If divided into equal parts then this is called a median or mid­sagittal plane. ­ •   ontal (Coronal) Plane:  Runs longitudinally (up and down) which divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) parts. •Transverse Plane:  Runs horizontally which divides the body into superior (upper half) and inferior (lower half) parts. 4


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