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Plant Science: Week 1

by: Haley Kirton

Plant Science: Week 1 ENVS 150 006

Haley Kirton
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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About this Document

These are the notes for week 1, and it discusses the importance of plants, the characteristics of life, and the unique characteristics of plants.
Plant Science
Jenneke M. Visser
Class Notes
plants, plantscience, Science, Environment, Environmental Studies, enviornmental, plant




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Kirton on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENVS 150 006 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Jenneke M. Visser in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Plant Science in Environmental Science at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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Date Created: 08/25/16
Environmental Science (Plant Science) Chapter 1 – Botany: The Science of Plants Importance of Plants -Provides food. -Provides shelter. -Controls flood and erosion. -Replenishes O2. -Removes CO2. -Cycles nitrogen. -Source of energy. Characteristics of Life Living Organisms -Have cell(s) and are organized -Unicellular vs. Multicellular -Organization: organelles > cells > tissues > organs > organisms > populations > communities > ecosystems. -A population is a collection of the same species that interbreed. -A community is a collection of plants that live in the same area. -Acquire energy and materials -Autotrophs -Use sunlight (photosynthesis) or chemical energy (chemoautotrophs). -Can make their own food. -Do not rely on other organisms. -Examples: plants, algae, cyanobacteria. -Heterotrophs -Cannot make their own food. -Feed on other organisms. -Examples: animals, fungi, bacteria. -Grow and develop -Determinate Growth: stops growing eventually. (animals, humans, etc.). -Indeterminate Growth: never stops growing. (trees, vegetables, etc.). -Differentiation: takes on different shape/form and functions. -Development: growth and differentiation starting from a fertilized egg. -Reproduce -Asexual (vegetatively). -Sexual. -Respond to stimuli -Some plants react fast. -Most plants respond slowly. -Example: Plants in the window sill growing towards the light. -Adapt to their environment -Dry -Saline -Low Fertility Unique Characteristics of Plants -Must be multicellular eukaryotes. -Use chloroplasts to carry out photosynthesis. -Store energy or food as starch. -Have cell walls made up of cellulose. -Have multicellular embryos that develop within female sex organs. -Have a life cycle alternating between haploid and diploid generations. Hierarchical Classification -Two prokaryotic domains: bacteria and archaea -One eukaryotic domain: eukarya -Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, specific epithet. -A species is a grouping of very similar organisms that can mate and produce viable offspring. Binomial Nomenclature  Common Name -Colloquial and vary greatly  Scientific Name -Binomial: two-part name (genus and specific epithet). -Genus is always capitalized, specific epithet is not. -In print, both parts of the name or italicized. -Reflect phylogenetic relationships. -Unique to a specific plant.


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