Popular in Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110-
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hagar Notetaker on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2110 at Georgia State University taught by Prof. Casey P. Cater in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 78 views. For similar materials see Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110- in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 08/25/16
8/25/16 HIST 2110 Survey of US History Prof. Cater Week 1 What is Freedom? o Spiritual Freedom One is subservient to God & therefore spiritually free o Servitude and freedom John Winthrop (1588-1649) Natural Liberty = evil Moral Liberty = Obeying authority = good Massachusetts Bay Colony should be beacon of freedom for world to follow o “City on a hill” Civil Liberty: o Aristotle: “the law is salvation” o Liberty ≠ License Liberty does not give license to disobedience Freedom = obedience of the law No law = tyranny o John Locke (1632- 1704) Law = Freedom ONLY if duly passed Essence of British liberty in 1700’s Law must be just o Authority who are unjust get punished o If law isn’t upheld… tyranny 2 types of freedom 1.) Republicanism People work together to create functioning society Giving up self-interest for the common good Active participation in public life Virtue: only virtuous (rich white men) can contribute to society 2.) Liberalism Private & individual 8/25/16 HIST 2110 John Locke: o Gov’t protects life, liberty, and property o Freedom is personal o Gov’t is only for maintaining people’s natural right o Greater good comes from personal freedom. Limits to freedom in BNA Economic individuality = freedom The unfree: o Indentured Servants Richard Hakluyt believed America was a wasteland meant for “waste people” to build in order for the better people to come and colonize o Women Known as “fertile commodities” Coverture: in public, women’s opinions were either her fathers or, if married, her husbands Could be sold Slavery in BNA 1 unfree African people brought to Virginia in 1619 o Slavery rare till 1680’s Open system o Anthony Johnson (1600-1670) Captured into indentured servitude in 1612 Became property owner & slave holder in 1640’s Slavery hardened in 1680’s o Locke: “Every freeman… has absolute power and authority over his negro slave.” Freedom and Democracy in BNA Land ownership more common in BNA 1700’s Ben Franklin o Mediocrity of Fortunes Believed this was great opportunity for middle class No kings or aristocrats Weak church o No central church controlling all the colonies 8/25/16 HIST 2110 Freedom and Revolution Revolution began in name of freedom from Metropole (name for central of British empire) o Appearance of Liberty trees & Poles Would burn replicas of king o Sons/Daughters of Liberty Colonists believed they had the rights and privileges of freeborn Englishmen American Revolution Resistance to Tyranny o Intolerable acts o Tea Act o Stamp Act o Etc. Thomas Paine o Wrote “Common Sense” o Talked about universal liberties and natural rights “We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal…” Paradox o Is everyone free?
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