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SPE 3633 Behavior Management Chapter 1

by: Brittney Busse

SPE 3633 Behavior Management Chapter 1 SPE 3633

Marketplace > University of Texas at San Antonio > Special Education > SPE 3633 > SPE 3633 Behavior Management Chapter 1
Brittney Busse
GPA 3.8
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About this Document

Chapter one notes taken from book.
Clssrm & Behav Mgmt-Stud w/Dis
Stephanie Curtis
Class Notes
classroom, Management, Special Education




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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittney Busse on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPE 3633 at University of Texas at San Antonio taught by Stephanie Curtis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Clssrm & Behav Mgmt-Stud w/Dis in Special Education at University of Texas at San Antonio.

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Date Created: 08/25/16
Thursday, September 1, 2016 Chapter 1 Behavior Management - What is discipline? - Teaching others right from wrong - Punishment can be discipline, but discipline is not a punishment. - What is behavior management? - Precautionary methods or a way to respond to behavior problems to ensure they do not happen again in the future. Teaching Difficulties - Why is it so difficult for teachers to practice good behavior management? • Lack of training - There is no true answer, no peer reviewed evidence, and they cannot appropriately analyze different programs. • Lack of skills - Greater amount of issues in inner city schools. • Lack of understanding - No universal answer or theory on how to provide behavior management. • Lack of resources - No specific allocations for behavior management resources. Models of Behavior Management - Assertive Discipline - Logical Consequences - Reality Therapy - Love and Logic Thursday, September 1, 2016 - Ginott Model - Kounin Model - Jones Model - Character Education - Behavior Model Assertive Discipline • Positive discipline using conferencing to help teach students how to behave appropriately. • Steps: • Acknowledge that teachers have an effect on behavior. • Be assertive • Have a plan that has effective rules and consequences. • Give instruction on the discipline plan • Make sure to instruct your students to behave responsibly. • Components • Rules • Positive consequences for listening to the rules • Negative consequences for not listening to the rules • Enforce the model • Strengths vs Weaknesses • This helps teach the rules and expectations of what the teacher expects in the classroom. • Typically misuse of consequences and relies much too heavily on threats and warnings. Thursday, September 1, 2016 Logical Consequences • We best learn through our environment and experiences within it. • 3 Types of Consequences • Natural Consequence: Occurs normally within the environment • Arbitrary Consequence: Not aligned with the offense. • Logical Consequence: Connected to the offense. • When given a choice between arbitrary and logical consequences, logical consequences should always be used. • Strengths • Gives the students a choice • This helps the student come to an understanding of their motives. • Weaknesses • Inferences made regarding motivation. • Student centered behavior is the focus. • No guarantee that the right behavior will continue after a logical consequence has been used. • Arbitrary and Logical may overlap because they are both contextual consequences. • Misuse of punishment. Reality Therapy - Gives students the choice on how they want to behave. - Motivation by 5 needs: survival, belonging/love, freedom, fun, and power. - Aid students in making better choices. - Strengths - Teachers play a role in behavior development - Students are more involved in classroom procedures Thursday, September 1, 2016 - Students can find the curriculum fun and exciting - No longer coercing the students as much. - Weaknesses - Difficult to find motivation - More reliant on intrinsic motivations and rewards. Love and Logic - If students feel loved and like they have a choice they tend to be more responsible and care about how the interact in the classroom environment. - There are 3 styles of teaching: Helicopter, drill sergeant, and consultant. - Strengths - Holds students accountable - Able to avoid threats and warnings - Helps to catch behavior early. - Gives a choice which helps leads the students through a problem solving process. - Decreased amount of punishment - More concerned with students feelings, builds a relationship. - Weaknesses - Relies more on intrinsic motivation - Talking it over - No prevention and response programs or guidelines to work through. Ginott Model - Teachers are essential elements in classroom management. - Students pick up on the teachers response to problems and how they handle them. - Teachers should exhibit self-discipline - Teachers should respect students Thursday, September 1, 2016 - Create effective alternatives to punishment - Strengths - Cooperation. - Concerned with feelings. - Respects students. - Positive discipline. - Environment is more inviting. - Weaknesses - Increased self concept may lead to more disruptive behavior. - Praise needs to be specific. - Wrong definition of punishment. Kounin Model - Effective classroom management based on 10 key concepts - Ripple effect - Withitness - Momentum - Smoothness of learning - Group alerts - Student accountability - Overlapping - Satiation - Challenge - Seat work variety and challenge - Strengths - Research supported components Thursday, September 1, 2016 - Withitness (“eyes on the back of your head”) - Weaknesses - Only useful for low level behavior. Jones Model - Teacher centered - Behavior management is in a calm, more controlled manor. - Body language is 90% of effective discipline - Typically uses group based incentive programs - Works well for difficult children, i.e you can use warnings, pulling a card, or a letter home. - Strengths - More aware of how they use their body language. - Remain calm - More preventative - Effective use of incentives - Weaknesses - Punishment based system - Relies heavily on threats and warnings. Best Practices for Behavior Management 1. Identify specific problem and use specific strategies to help that particular student. 2. Modify the environment to decrease the amount of behavioral problems. 3. Actively reinforce social and behavioral skills to replace the problematic ones. 4. Parents, community, and outside personnel should assist in keeping good behavior management. Thursday, September 1, 2016 5. Try to keep consistent with a school wide approach, that way the entire school community can be more positive and inviting. ABA Behavior Model 1. Applied 2. Behavioral 3. Analytic 4. Technological 5. Conceptually Systematic 6. Effective 7. Generality Student Rights - 6 Rights according to ABAI (interventions): - Therapeutic physical and social environment. - Services whose overriding goal is personal welfare. - Treatment from a competent behavior analyst - Functional skills programs available. - Most effective treatment procedures available. - 6 Rights according to ABAI (educational): - Appropriate overall educational context - Appropriate curriculum and objectives - Appropriate student placements - Appropriate instructional methods - Ongoing evaluations - Construct guidelines for success Thursday, September 1, 2016 Ethical Considerations - Issues of control - Rationalization: Everything is under some form of control - Behavior Management Program - Should see significant social change - includes the child, client’s family, and their environment. - Should be cost effective in terms of time, resources, and money.


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