ENEC 201 Notes 8/24/16
ENEC 201 Notes 8/24/16 ENEC 201
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hadley Ashford on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENEC 201 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by GANGI,GREGORY J in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 236 views. For similar materials see ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY in Environment and Ecology at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.
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Date Created: 08/25/16
ENEC 201 8/24/16 - Neo-Malthusians and Cornucopians= 2 schools of thought o Thomas Malthus: religious background, believed in exponential human population, but limited resources Positive feedback caused by trend= famine, war, and disease So far hasn’t happened because didn’t account for human agency (technology in agriculture and medicine Ex. selective breeding of animals to create bigger/stronger animals o Neo-Malthusians believe that humans can increase and decrease carrying capacity Factors that decrease carrying capacity: Climate change Pollution Natural resources used for energy Only government policy can stop decreased carrying capacity Generally consists of people in the life sciences o Cornucopians: humans are the ultimate resource Humans have unlimited innovation Julian Simon began movement Family planning is bad because need more people to be potential great minds Market in free market system will give people incentive to innovate Ex. no problem with fossil fuels because decreased availability increased price increased inventive to innovate and find new alternatives Many economists belong to this group Don’t believe in government interference - Neo-Malthusians believe in idea of sacrifice o Humans must sacrifice some ways of life to save environment o Works with idea of incentives Negative incentives in Europe cause greener practices: tax on fuel, traffic, limited/expensive parking - How to make sacrifice more prevalent in US: o Environmental values not necessarily important Can be looked at through any lens (scientific, economic, etc.) as long as same outcome is reached
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