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ENEC 201 Notes 8/24/16

by: Hadley Ashford

ENEC 201 Notes 8/24/16 ENEC 201

Hadley Ashford
GPA 3.776
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About this Document

These notes cover Neo-Malthusians and Cornucopians
Class Notes





Popular in Environment and Ecology

This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hadley Ashford on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENEC 201 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by GANGI,GREGORY J in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 236 views. For similar materials see ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY in Environment and Ecology at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.


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Date Created: 08/25/16
ENEC 201 8/24/16 - Neo-Malthusians and Cornucopians= 2 schools of thought o Thomas Malthus: religious background, believed in exponential human population, but limited resources  Positive feedback caused by trend= famine, war, and disease  So far hasn’t happened because didn’t account for human agency (technology in agriculture and medicine  Ex. selective breeding of animals to create bigger/stronger animals o Neo-Malthusians believe that humans can increase and decrease carrying capacity  Factors that decrease carrying capacity:  Climate change  Pollution  Natural resources used for energy  Only government policy can stop decreased carrying capacity  Generally consists of people in the life sciences o Cornucopians: humans are the ultimate resource  Humans have unlimited innovation  Julian Simon began movement  Family planning is bad because need more people to be potential great minds  Market in free market system will give people incentive to innovate  Ex. no problem with fossil fuels because decreased availability  increased price  increased inventive to innovate and find new alternatives  Many economists belong to this group  Don’t believe in government interference - Neo-Malthusians believe in idea of sacrifice o Humans must sacrifice some ways of life to save environment o Works with idea of incentives  Negative incentives in Europe cause greener practices: tax on fuel, traffic, limited/expensive parking - How to make sacrifice more prevalent in US: o Environmental values not necessarily important  Can be looked at through any lens (scientific, economic, etc.) as long as same outcome is reached


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