JTC 100 Notes, Week 1-First Newspapers
JTC 100 Notes, Week 1-First Newspapers JTC 100
Popular in Media in Society (GT-SS3)
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daniela Navarro on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JTC 100 at Colorado State University taught by Joseph Champ; Kimberly J Spencer in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Media in Society (GT-SS3) in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 08/25/16
Media in Society August 24, 2016 Readings due by next week Friday at 11am o From Bran’s Introduction to Mass Communication: Media, Literacy and Culture: Chapter 1 & Chapter 4 – Module 2 Media & Global Cultural Identity JTC 490 – email@example.com o Mondays, 3pm to 5:50pm Eddy Bldg. Room 11 o Instructor: Donnyale Ambrosine We’ve always had people telling very vivid stories. Humans impulse to preserve stories. As time went on the preservation of stories intensified. Media has always been around o Pyramids o Hieroglyphs o Statues Medium: anything in the middle - a way to convey or carry, something rd o Ex. The Heracles Papyrus, 3 c. Greece or Vellum deed with seal tag, 1638 In class we discussed such ancient human communication “media” as petroglyphs, hieroglyphs, pyramids and statues. We discussed how they can be said to represent early attempts to..? a. Create a lasting image b. Communicate c. Tell us what was important to the creators d. All of these answers are correct Printing with Movable Tyler – c1455 Metal Type Crank Press o Chinese were first to print o Johannes Gutenberg – Mainz, Germany Early Printed Matter o Pamphlets o “Chapbooks” - inexpensive books, sold for a penny or less European Newspapers o Amsterdam 1620s o Woodcut Illustrations The Press in America o The press is the tyrants foe, and the peoples friend o Meaning it holds the “important” people in power and if they are doing it wrong then we bring them down o 1690-1770: Colonial Press First American Newspapers o Public Occurrences “Both Foreign and Domestic” Boston, 1690 Benjamin Harris Lasted one issue: very common because he was not given authority He argued he was telling the truth but back then truth was not a reason. Now we are protected by the truth o First Successful Newspaper The Boston Newsletter 2 Postmaster John Campell 1704 Published until 1776 (American Revolution) Popular Newspapers could challenge o Famous Trial: Established Truth as a dense against government o John Peter Zenger Weekly Journal New York 1733 o Legacy of Colonial Press o US journalism-Defiant o Critical Free vs. Open Press Open – freedom but someone can shut you down Free – complete freedom Establishes press as watchdog o First Amendment – Press Clause: congress shall make no law prohibiting the freedom of speech and the press, you can petition the government and you will not be thrown in jail. o The Next Era: 1770s – 1830s Partisan (prejudice and unreasoning alleignce) Press Era 30 newspapers First daily newspaper 1774 Affiliated with political parties Opinionated, editorial commentary Expensive Rise of minority Press 3 Thomas Paine – Common Sense o Partisan Press o Ethnic Press – Bilingual Cherokee Phoenix and Indian Advocate 1826- present Freedom’s Journal o First Af. Am. Ppaer 1827, New York Rev. Samuel Cornish & John B. Russwurm Created because they were turned away when they wanted to publish in other papers o Penny Press: 1830s – 1850s Leadership Grows Urbanization: for the common (wo)man Literacy Rising Being more efficient – lowers cost, speeds up process 1 Papers for The Passes Medium for social change o New York Sun – Benjamin Day Using simple, direct, vivid language Slogan: It shines for all Day is responsible for what media looks like today. First Advertiser-Supported Media o Day’s Innovations Appeals to everyone 4 Advertising News Stories – Simple, direct in style Covered crime Covered stories about the common people Sent out reporters They sent boys to sell newspapers They were given 100 papers and made 1 cent per paper, only give 64 cents back The Great Moon Hoax – 1835 Herschel had found the moon The Balloon Hoax – 1845 Someone floated across the Atlantic o 1850s-1900: Expansion/Frontier Press Followed fortune seekers RR Expanding Telegraph lines expanding Advertising Advocating “community” (inform, entertainment, tell us what we need) o Emmeline Wells, Editor: The Woman’s Exponent, 1872-1914 Plural marriage Female suffrage 5
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