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HY 103 week 1 notes

by: Conner Jones

HY 103 week 1 notes HY 103

Conner Jones
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here is the lecture notes for HY 103 week 1 which includes everything that was covered in lecture including all key terms
American Civilization to 1865
Sharony Green
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Conner Jones on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 103 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Sharony Green in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 96 views. For similar materials see American Civilization to 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 08/25/16
HY 103 Notes August 22, 2016 Bacon’s rebellion- an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley, this is the first time people started to discriminate by race. Key question:  where do we begin when we talk about American civilization (people settled in one place with a stable food source)?  Who are native Americans really? They were diverse, mobile, and adaptive to their environment o Zheng He – Chinese explorer who may have gotten to the Americas first o 1565 – first Spanish settlement in Florida o when Columbus arrived the indigenous people spoke over 400 different diverse languages key terms:  Indies – a region of southeast Asia and India  Amerigo Vespucci – an Italian explorer, navigator and cartographer who first found that Brazil and the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus' voyages (1499). America was named after him  Bering Strait – a strait connecting the Pacific and Arctic oceans between Russia and the United States of ice in which Paleo Indians traveled  Paleo Indians – travelled across the Bering Strait; term given to the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas o Drifted south in search of game animals o Have been around since the last ice age o Travelled as far as present day Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Chili  Mesoamerica – the area between central California and northern Costa Rica o Teotihuacan – very advanced ancient Mesoamerican city in central Mexico, near Mexico City, that flourished about 200BC and is the site of the pyramids, used city grids o Mississippian cultures – flourished near Alabama, Mississippi, etc. very mobile people  Cahokia – the location where Mississippian culture thrived before European explorers landed in the Americas, very big into farming August 24, 2016  Possible midterm essay question: write an essay analyzing critical turning points in American civilization before 1800, and be prepared to uncover how they incrementally inspire and unveil the colonists’ quest for freedom  Vikings were among the first explorers, they ventured as far as Greenland o Erik the Red was the Viking who led them, as well as Leif Erikson (who was Erik the Red’s son) Key terms:  Crusades – military campaigns sanctioned by roman catholic church to combat the spread of Islam, religious wars  Columbian exchange – the widespread exchange of food, animals, plants, diseases, technology and ideas between native Americans, Europeans and Africans following Christopher Columbus’ voyage in 1492 Key question: how did the Columbian exchange have an impact on native Americans? Manifests in food, animals, plants, disease, ideas, and technology  Sugar – southwest Asia  Wheat – southwest Asia  Barley – Egypt, Ethiopia, near east, Tibet  Tomatoes – Mediterranean  Mayo – Spain Foods originated in Americas:  Potatoes  Beans  Corn Technology exchange  Europeans had guns that native Americans had never seen before Disease exchange  Europeans and Africans brought: smallpox, typhus, diphtheria, bubonic plague, malaria, yellow fever Three major forces of change that transformed native Americans existence:  Epidemiological – religious practices were changed after disease wiped out many small villages  Ecological – overhunting beavers resulted in fewer dams in streams, native Americans did not generally see land as owned property, they saw it as communitive property  Economic – native people started to discard native crafts and began to become “Americanized” and start trading for goods/services


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