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HIST3732_WK 1

by: Mollie-Kathleen O'Shaughnessy

HIST3732_WK 1 HIST 3732

Mollie-Kathleen O'Shaughnessy
GPA 3.7
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Week 1 Notes
History of Mexicon
Dr. Daniel Newcomer
Class Notes
history, Mexico




Popular in History of Mexicon

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mollie-Kathleen O'Shaughnessy on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 3732 at East Tennessee State University taught by Dr. Daniel Newcomer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see History of Mexicon in History at East Tennessee State University.


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Date Created: 08/25/16
Trials of Independence, 1821-1824 Mexican Empire, 1821-1823 o Fighters wanted Republic, modeled after US - Four Largest Empires o Great Britain o Russia o China o Mexico - Mexico existed on paper, not in fact - No consensus in type of government - Earned a great deal of money for Spain o Spanish Loyalists  Agustin de Iturbide  Divided loyalties  Assumes the title “Emperor” - Spain under new Monarchy, releases Mexico from empire o Following Waterloo, 1815 - Same people in power remained loyal to Spain, government in place modeled Spain’s - Monarchy without a monarch Challenges in Unity - Plan of Cordoba, Sept. 1821 o Guaranteed Mexican independence o Spain reneged on deal in 1822 o All tiers of government remained Spanish o Spanish Navy still in Gulf of Mexico - Factionalism o Royalist vs. Republicans o Ethnic & racial division Social Divisions - Creole land owners o American born Europeans o Led independence wars  Desired “home rule” o Saw themselves as ethnically Spanish, but not politically Spanish - Native popular classes - “Mestizo” (mixed) populations - Asian-, Euro-, Afro-Mexicans - Loss of Identity o Legitimate vs. Illegitimate o “Mestizos” could grow powerful if father was European Regionalism - Incredibly divided - Powerful isolated Haciendas o Large areas of land, similar to ranches o Economically self sufficient o Had own military/labor forces - Hacendados (landowners) o Scant loyalty to national government o Patria Chia (Little Fatherland) o Many viewed Iturbide as an illegitimate ruler of Mexico National Problems - Debt & Civil War, 1810-1821 o Different factions amassed huge debts from European countries o Some hated new government - European banks demanded payment o Hacendados refused to pay o Not the independence they fought for - Economic destruction Financial Impotency - Spain: refused to move navy until 1829 o Hindered foreign trade - Mexican Soldiers o Payment for prior service - Iturbide: decided to repay soldiers first o Borrowed more money o Baring Brothers: 40% interest Iturbide’s Demise - Regional landowners essentially ran country o Don’t want any more debt o Won’t pay taxes to national government - Threaten to throw rebellion - Iturbide spends money to look like an Emperor o Trying to prove his legitimacy The Empire’s End - 1823: Central America secedes from Mexico o Government can’t stop secession - Plan de Casa Mata, Feb. 1823 o Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna o Republican fighter o Veracruz landowner  One of the few port cities that was able to trade despite the Spanish navy remaining in the Gulf of Mexico o Exiles Iturbide Preserving Mexico - 1824: Constitution o Federal Republic o Loose union of independent states  Similar to the Articles of Confederation o Guadalupe Victoria (1824 – 1828), first President - States voluntarily support national government o Allows for self government


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