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PSY 420 Chapter One Book Notes

by: Samantha Bishop

PSY 420 Chapter One Book Notes PSY420

Marketplace > Lenoir-Rhyne University > Psychology > PSY420 > PSY 420 Chapter One Book Notes
Samantha Bishop

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About this Document

These notes were taken from chapter one of our textbook and cover all main points/ideas
Psychological Assessment
Dr. Gordon Cappelletty
Class Notes
Psychological, Testing




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Bishop on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY420 at Lenoir-Rhyne University taught by Dr. Gordon Cappelletty in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Psychological Assessment in Psychology at Lenoir-Rhyne University.


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Date Created: 08/25/16
PSY 420  Chapter One Book Notes Chapter 1: Overview of Psychological Testing (p.3­35) Similarities (p.6) 1. Require a person to perform some behavior (observable and measurable) 2. Behavior performed is used to make inferences about some psychological construct a. Psychological construct­ underlying characteristic thought to be important in  human behavior  Differences (p.6­8) 1. Behavior performed 2. Construct measured & Outcome predicted 3. Content 4. Administration & Format 5. Scoring & Interpretation 6. Psychometric Quality Intelligence Tests (p.12­13) 1. Binet­Simon Scale a. 1905 b. Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon 2. Stanford­ Binet Intelligence Scales a. 1916 b. Lewis Termon  3. Weschsler­Bellevue (WBIS) & Weschsler Adult Intelligence Scales (WAIS) a. 1939 (WBIS) b. David Weschsler c. 1955 (WAIS) ­­­ renamed from WBIS Personality Tests (p.13­14) 1. Personal Data Sheet (PDS) a. 1920 b. Robert Woodworth c. Designed for military combat stress 2. Rorschach Inkblot Test & TAT a. 1921—1932 b. Hermann Rorschach  c. 1930s d. Henry A. Murray & C.D. Morgan Vocational Tests (p.14) ­ helps predict how successful an applicant would be in a specific occupation a. GATB­ General Aptitude Test Battery b. 1947 *names and web addresses of publishers* (p.16) Defining characteristics of psychological tests (p.17­18) All good tests… 1. …sample the behaviors thought to measure an attribute or thought to predict and  outcome 2. …include behavior samples that are obtained under standardized conditions 3. …have rules for scoring Assumptions of psychological tests (p.18­19) 1. They measure what they purport to measure or predict what they are intended to predict 2. An individual’s behavior, and therefore test scores, will typically remain stable over time 3. Individuals understand test items the same way 4. Individuals will report accurately about themselves 5. Individuals will report honestly their thoughts and feelings 6. The test score an individual receives is equal to his or her true score plus some error Test classification methods (p.20­21) a. Maximal performance b. Behavior observation c. Self­report d. Standardized e. Non­standardized f. Objective g. Projective Dimension measured (p.22­24) a. Achievement­ previous learning in a specific academic area b. Aptitude­ potential for learning or ability to perform in a new job or situation c. Intelligence­ cope with environment d. Interest­ interests in educational programs for careers e. Personality­ human character or disposition  f. Subject­ tested by subject  Psychological assessment, psychological tests, measurements, and surveys (p.25) Psych assessments­ multiple methods, objective and subjective Measurement­ process of assessing the size, amount, or the degree of an attribute by turning it  into numbers  Surveys­ used to collect important information  *locating information about tests* (p.26­32)


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