SOCI_411_Notes_Exam_1.pdf SOCI 411
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicolette Notetaker on Thursday August 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 411 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Mr. Hua-Lun Huang in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Sociological Theory in Sociology & Anthropology at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
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Date Created: 08/25/16
SOCI 411 Notes (8-24-16) Functionalism Three Sociological Paradigms I. Functionalism Theory II. Conflict Theory III. Symbolic Interactionism I. Functionalism 1. deals with notion of “equality”, where we can visualize society as a human body; also can be related to the biological anatomy 2. with this theory, all social parts are just as important as one another (these parts tend to play different functions); also deals with term “interdependency” (where different parts depend on one another) 3. Another important term “cooperation” when all segments of society must unite with each other 4. Other terms associated with this theory “Harmony/Order” –relevant pieces to functionalism II. Conflict Theory – is opposite from the Functionalism theory (deals with concept of “inequality”) ; in this society, no human society is entirely equivalent 1. Relevant terms – “Corporation/Factory” – how parts tend to operate in this society; similar to how people work in a corporation or factory I ranking positions from CEO, manager, employees, etc. 2. Deals with a form social hierarchy – what this theory is centered around; in the long run, every individual will assign work or decisions for others; this is can actually be compared to our own reality 3. Qualities of this theory Domination, Suppression, Competition, Injustice, Exploitation, Inequality III. Symbolic Interactionism- where we can imagine society as “theater”, and everyone plays a role amongst the audience and behind the curtain 1. All individuals are either actors or actresses. (when people do not remain accustomed to the roles they are used to portraying, they may be labeled, stigmatized among others in society 2. Usually, the actions individuals choose involve some sort of meaning- deals with concept of “attachment” 3. “Definition of a situation” (routines that are second-nature to us, some form of a habitual routine 4. “Stigmatization” when people are categorized. This means everyone is constantly aware of their actions among others in society and realize they are being observed. Notable Functionalists One in particular, Auguste Comte. - he explained we can split human society into three parts : - Knowledge Component 1. Theological Society- dealing with theology (authority) Ex: a society completely structured by religion, (such as the Islamic nation); in these groups people tend to follow certain traditions based of their religion; a very sacred society 2. Metaphysical Society- dealing with a “mysterious” perspective Ex: such as political myths politicians may by considered holier- than thou and this usually occurs in a totalitarian society (parts of the Middle East, Nazi Germany, and North Korea) and is used support “dictatorship” 3. Positivistic Society- governed around science, such as the American society for example, where science is the awareness instrumental connections; can use awareness examples to determine some relationships, creation of products, and to justify 4.
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