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Social Work Research - Week 1 Notes

by: McKenna Keck

Social Work Research - Week 1 Notes SW 3185

Marketplace > University of Northern Iowa > Social Work > SW 3185 > Social Work Research Week 1 Notes
McKenna Keck
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About this Document

These notes cover what we've gone over the first week of class including scientific method, ways of knowing, and why study research.
Social Work Research
Dr. Ga-Young Choi
Class Notes
social, work, scientific, method, research, methods, notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by McKenna Keck on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SW 3185 at University of Northern Iowa taught by Dr. Ga-Young Choi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Social Work Research in Social Work at University of Northern Iowa.


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Date Created: 08/26/16
Social Work Research Dr. Choi Week 1 Monday, August 22, 2016 Introduction to the Class ● “Social work values & missions continue in social work research.” Something to remember  throughout this course. ○ As we’re competing against similar fields, research helps empirically validate  social work as a profession. Wednesday, August 24, 2016 Chapter 1: Why Study Research? ● Reasons Brainstormed in Class ○ Funding ­ for example, different boards give money to agencies that provide  certain services. You salaries might be funded through those boards. The board might also pay  for some clients to use some services. You have to use research to show how effectively you’re  using their money. ○ Evidence­Based or Evidence­Informed Practice ­ making sure you are providing  your clients w/ best possible service ● Compassion Discussion Question ○ “Are practitioners who take the time to keep abreast of & critically appraise  research studies that might identify more effective ways to serve their clients more  compassionate than practitioners who don’t do so?” ■ It’s hard to tell based only on this, but not using research is risky  for your future clients & for your career. You could be offering services that aren’t  effective, or even harmful, b/c you’re not aware of the research. ● How do social workers know things? ○ Brainstormed in class…  ■ Observing ■ Common knowledge ■ Trial & error ■ Told by authority ■ Experiences ○ From slides…  ■ Agreement reality: She found out they were worms, & they were  disgusting. We agree as humans in America that worms are NOT for human food. These  realities may be accepted in one part of the world & not another. ● Examples: we drive on the right side of the road.  You wear a coat in the winter. It’s wrong to eat dogs in America, but you do in  other places. ■ Experiential reality: could be based on your personal experiences.  Like tasting the horderves & thinking they’re delicious…  ● Examples: when you try somethings & it turns out  you love it, even though you thought you wouldn’t. ■ Science ­ DISCUSS TOMORROW Friday, August 26, 2016 ● What do you do when you need to know something? ○ Brainstormed in class ■ Google ■ Ask someone who might know/ask an expert (experiential  knowledge/authority) ○ How reliable are these ways of knowing…? ■ Just because you ask an expert, or someone who has gone through  the same experience, or thousands of people online say that’s what you should do, how  do you know that’s right? ■ It’s hard to believe posts from Yahoo, for example, because it’s not scientific. There’s no analysis of their answers. ● Scientific knowledge ○ All knowledge is used until shown to be incorrect. Knowledge should never be  taken to be absolute (everything is open to question) ○ Knowledge is based on observations that are: ■ Orderly and comprehensive (avoidance of overgeneralization) ■ As objective as possible ■ Replicated in different studies ● Will you get the same results multiple times?  Would other people get the same results following your instruction? ● Example: AIDs Research Fraud at ISU ○ ISU had big federal research funding to study for an AIDs vaccine. One of the researchers made false data.  Meanwhile, the research team’s reputation was growing. He was caught  for fraud, because someone tried to replicate the study, and couldn’t get  the same result. ○ For example: Schizophrenia used to be blamed on the mother being cold towards  the children. Now, science has shown that it could be because of any number of things.  Knowledge is provisional. ○ Features of Scientific Method ■ Mnemonic device to remember… TROUT ● T ­ Tentative ○ Nothing is absolute ● R ­ Replication ● O ­ Observation (comprehensive and systematic  observation) ● U ­ Unbiased (remaining objective) ○ Only state the facts, not opinions. ○ It might help to use several methods  or several people in observing ● T ­ Transparent


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