Social Psych Week 1
Social Psych Week 1 Psych 360
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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Truppo on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 360 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Lowell Gaertner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Social Psych in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
Research Methods I. Levels of Research A. Conceptual: idea of concept B. Operational: measure of concepts in a study II. Idealized Process of Research: idealized because it doesn’t always work 1. Theory 2. Hypothesis (Operational Deﬁnition) 3. Test hypothesis 4. Reject theory, support theory, retest with new operational deﬁnitions III. Method of Obtaining Data A. Observational Method Does not allow a causal inference Just observing relationships between two or more variables 3rd variable problem: another variable that makes it look like a and b are related but actually c is the cause B. Experimental Method If criteria is met, we can better infer causation Criteria of an experiment: 1. Manipulate the independent variable and measure the dependent variable 2. Randomly assign participant to the levels of the independent variable 3. Control extraneous variables (control any other variable that can aﬀect the dependent variable) 1. Hold constant 2. Systematically vary IV. Potential Bias in Research A. Experimenter Bias Experimenter unintentionally does something that systematically inﬂuences outcome of study B. Subject Bias 1. Good Subject Subject who tries to ﬁgure out hypothesis and tries to conﬁrm it 2. Negative Subject Subject who tries to ﬁgure out hypothesis and tries to disconﬁrm it 3. Faithful Subject Subject who behaves naturally 4. Apprehensive New situations cause anxiety and possibly causes a change in behavior (judgement) V. Research Ethics A. Institutional Review Board (IRB) Group of people (scientists and non) who approve experiment, look at cost beneﬁt B. Informed Consent Participant is given all expectations before experiment C. Debrieﬁng After study, given all information about study and why it was done
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