Social Psych Week 9
Social Psych Week 9 Psych 360
Popular in Social Psych
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Truppo on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 360 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Lowell Gaertner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Social Psych in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
Obedience Stanley Milgram Obedience Research Inﬂuenced by Holocaust of Nazi German and My Lia Massacare March 16, 1968 (Lt. William Calley ordered soldiers to kill over 300 civilians) The basic paradigm involved a participant, confederate, and experimenter. Assigned roles Explained to participant that they read list of words in pairs and learner has to remember the pairs If they don’t get it right, participant shocks learner (shock participant so they think it’s real) Every time they’re wrong, increase voltage until it reaches danger levels with (fake) screaming The clinicians estimated that only 1 in 1000 people would go all the way. in actuality, 65% of participants went all the way to 450 volts despite the screaming protest of the learner. Various versions of the paradigm revealed the following factors that inﬂuence obedience: 1. Salience of the experimenter (i.e., authority ﬁgure): Obedience decreased as the physical presence of the experimenter decreased from being (a) in the same room (b) on the phone (c) not present (i.e., orders provided on a tape recorder). 2. Salience of the victim: Obedience decreased as the victim increased in physical closeness from being (a) in a diﬀerent room (b) in the same room (c) touching the subject. 3. Power lay with the Authority ﬁgure (i.e., Experimenter) In a version of the experiment, after the participant increased the intensity of the shock, the experimenter told the subject to stop and the learner bravely requested that they continue. 100% of participants listened to the experimenter and stopped. In a version of the experiment, the learner and experimenter switched roles such that the experimenter had to complete the word pairs and the “confederate” gave the orders over protests of the experimenter. Participants did not obey the confederate and ended the session in line with the experimenter’s requests.
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