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Soc 110 week 1&2 Notes

by: Ryann Sherman

Soc 110 week 1&2 Notes Soc 110

Ryann Sherman

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talks about basics of sociology and the three social theories. Will be on exam
Sociology 110
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryann Sherman on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 110 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Knowles in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Sociology 110 in Sociology at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 08/26/16
Sociology 110 8.19.16 - Broad field - Tries to tie all social fields together - Study of our behavior as social beings - Can cover micro-macro social processes - Study of social aggregations - Can not survive on our own - Relates to history, psychology and economics - Why we do what we do and how that works 8.22.16 The Birth of Sociology - Sociology: the scientific study of human society, social behavior and human groups - Understanding social action in social context - Natural science vs social science - Society as nation states vs global society (environment) - Macro and micro sociology - Humans have ability to choose what actions they take ultimately - Sociology for personal use: critical reflexivity (reflection to yourself); can help use navigate through social institutions and adapt to social change. Understanding where we belong in society and whether or not we are going to follow the norms of our status - Looking beyond our perspectives to look at social aspects - Modern society o What makes a modern society?  Stable, usually democratic, political system  Capitalist, industrial economic system  Newest social science - Sociology is disciplinary, but free to make own decisions - Many many types of sociology - 2 processes that spurred development of sociology. o Industrialization: scientific approach to production and to human division of labor o Urbanization: the process by which an increasing proportion of a population lives in cities rather than in rural areas. - As these conditions became more visible, a new breed of social thinkers turned its attention to trying to understand why and how society was changing - The Sociological Imagination o Enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society. o Related to critical reflexivity o Being able to look at a social situation, instead of “common sense look”, and looking at larger social and historical context to see why these things happen o Look at bigger picture and not your own experience o 8.24.16 Status and Roles - A social status is a position in a social structure-any position that determines where a person “fits” into the organized whole of a group, organization, or society - Contains a certain set of powers or rights depending on your status, or responsibilities to the person with a higher power - Status set- can have many statuses at the same time (I.e. wife, mother, church goer, citizen, daughter, worker, etc.) - Social Statuses o Ascribed: statuses given to people (daughter, female, race, sister, etc.) cant particularly change them o Achieved: statuses earned by a person (student, friend, worker, team member, etc.) people can create these for themselves. o These statuses are not completely separate, can be semi based on each other. Ascribed status can have an effect on what you can achieve. (i.e. age factor) - Role o Every status carries with it a socially prescribed role-that is, a set of expected behaviors and attitudes, obligations and priveledges.  We learn these roles through others and interactions however, humans are free to choose their actions or role o Idea of traditional household roles: women stay at home to cook and take care of kids, men work. (now these are much more flexible) o Depends on countries and social values o Roles exist in relation to each other (student/teacher, husband/wife) o Role set: depends on other people with whom the status is interacting  Status set in the middle and then possible roles on the outside - Role strain and Role Conflict o Strain arises when conflicting expectations are built into a single status.  Roles contradict each other (has to be best on team but not put other teammates down so not too good) o Conflict occurs when conflicting expectations all cannot be met - Role Exit o Ceasing to play one role and picking up another o Disengaging in a role that was central to ones identity  (retirees, ex veterans, widow, etc.) - Social Institutions o Consists of patterned behaviors and status/role relationships that fulfill certain basic societal needs o What integrates a society? o Meant to respond to fundamental societal roles and how we fit in (job) o Social institutions  The family  Economic institutions  Political institutions  Educational institutions  Religious institutions  Science and technology Society and Culture - Elements of culture o Values o Norms o Symbols o Language o Knowledge o Artifacts - Material and non-material culture o Material- consists of all the physical objects that people make and attach meaning to (flag) o Non-material- consists of human creations that are not embodied in any one tangible object (freedom, liberty) - Values o General idea that people share about what is good or bad, desirable or undesirable  People hold sets of these and aren’t shared between all people  They can change over time  Cultural values are extremely important in US bc what makes someone an American is not their background (race, ethnicity) but by their virtues and values in the American society  People apply different values to different situations - Norms o A specific guideline for action; it is a rule that says how people should behave in particular situations  People usually follow them automatically  Importance that people assign to them o Types of norms  Folkways- norms that are simply everyday habits and convention. People obey them without giving much thought to it (don’t chew with your mouth open, standing for national anthem…) [polite and rude]  Mores- norms people consider vital to their well-being and are the most cherished values (lying, religious rules, adultery, etc.) [what is right and wrong]  Laws- rules enacted by a political body and enforced by the power of the state - Symbols o Objects, gestures, sounds, or images that represent something other than themselves - Language o A system of verbal and written symbols with rules about how those symbols can be strung together to convey more complex meanings o How we convey ideas switches with who were talking to


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