HDFS 311, Week 1 Notes
HDFS 311, Week 1 Notes HDFS 311
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by AlliSlaten on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 311 at Colorado State University taught by Jaime Marie Rotner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
Week 1- August 22- 26 Chapter 1- Introduction - Adolescence - Adolescence- the period after puberty beings and before adult roles are taken on - between the ages of 12 and 18 • Puberty can start as early as 8 and lasts about 4 years on average • In the United States, puberty is starting earlier than before because of the weight gain and obesity trend that is “tricking” our bodies into thinking that it is time to start puberty as well as high stress levels have a correlation with early puberty • Malnuritment can also cause the opposite, causing puberty to start later - this is a fairly new term, coming into common usage in the early 20th century - culturally constructed term- varies from culture to culture • more and more countries and cultures are recognizing this as a life period The length, content, and daily experience differs across cultures • • Different cultures deﬁne adult status, roles, and responsibilities differently Adolescence in Western Cultures: Ancient Greece 400 A.D. - How life stages are correlated with Plato’s idea of education - Life Stages • 1. Infancy (birth to 7) • 2. Childhood (7 to 14) 3. Adolescence (14 to 21) • - Plato on Education • 1. The infant’s mind is too undeveloped to learn much 2. Education should focus on sports and music • • 3. Capacity for reason allows for study of science and math - Early Christian Times to Middle Ages - Inﬂuence of Saint Augustine’s autobiography, “Confessions” in 400 A.D. • Talks about impulse and pleasure seeking which correlates with some of the things that are seen with adolescents today • How Christianity saved his life - The Children’s Crusade of 1212 • Germany students between 12 and 18 years old went on a crusade • They believed that their innocence in youth had power but instead the Muslims saw the Germans in a bad light like lacking knowledge and experience - Adolescence 1500- 1890 - Life cycle service began in the late teens and 20s • Young people would engage in various trades, skill, or craft by domestic service, farm service, or apprenticeships for 7 years, more common for men • Very common in the United States - Industrial revolution had a huge impact on these services because young people chose to go to work in factories and mines instead of learning a trade or service • This lead to higher rates of crime, premarital sex, and alcohol use - The Age of Adolescence: 1890-1920 - Contributing Factors included over working children, danger in the work, and started disrupting families • Legislation prohibiting child labor until the age of 18 • Requirements for children to attend secondary schooling (they were at about 5% in school and took about 100 years to get up to 95%) • Adolescence as a distinct ﬁeld of scholarship (acknowledging adolescence as a stage) - G. Stanley Hall: Key Ideas - Child Study Movement- research to better the lives of children and adolescents - First to get a PHD in psychology - Recapitulation- development of an individual re-enacts evolution of human species We didn’t pass down genes but we re-enact feelings and experiences that happened in the • past - Storm and Stress- a mile stone that all adolescents experience upheaval and disorder is a normal part of adolescent development • Conﬂict with parents • Mood swings • Risk Behavior Emerging Adulthood: Ages 18-25 - The age of identity explorations - Instability Figure 1.1 Rate of Residential Change by Age) dating • • moving • friends • jobs - Self Focus - Time of possibilities - Feeling of being in between childhood and adulthood • variation of when you think you have reached adulthood (yes, no, and both)