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Ld Arch 130: Lec. 2 - Islamic Gardens

by: Julia Isabel Rivera

Ld Arch 130: Lec. 2 - Islamic Gardens Ld Arch 130

Julia Isabel Rivera
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About this Document

These notes go over key terms related to Islamic (Paradise) Gardens, as well as a brief history of Roman infrastructure.
Sustainable Landscapes and Cities
Kimberlee Stryker
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Isabel Rivera on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Ld Arch 130 at University of California Berkeley taught by Kimberlee Stryker in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Sustainable Landscapes and Cities in Landscape Architecture at University of California Berkeley.

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Date Created: 08/26/16
Thursday, January 21, 2016 Islamic/Persian (Paradise) Garden Landscape Architecture 130 - Pairidaeza = walled/enclosed garden, which eventually came to refer to Persian-type garden, but also, Islamic supreme bliss of Heaven (Paradise) • In Persian culture, meant for quiet space, where you could just sit, listen to bird, etc. • Focused on personal experience with garden; seeing, hearing nature • Considered to be like the “blurring” between Heaven and Earth • Importance of walls: keeps enclosed area cooler and blocks out wind - Char Bagh = Islamic garden of 4 quarters/4 gardens • Persian-style garden layout that has axial arrangement, divided by walkways or water channels • Four central axial water courses define Char Bagh’s quadrilateral layout - Qanat = deep underground water management system of shafts and tunnels created to bring water from mountains into desert for human settlements (e.g. for irrigation) • Air shafts were important for keeping water source clean - Chaddar = water chute in India with carved indentations that create frothy water pattern as water spills over it - Runnel = narrow, shallow channel of water - Aqueduct = large water channel for conveying fresh water from water bodies at great distance • Used largely in Roman infrastructure - Allowed for constant supply of fresh water to central locations in city - Structures of aqueducts all worked by gravity • Two-tier bridge, siphon, tunnel - Cloaca Maxima = large sewer and drain for Imperial Rome (initiated by Etruscans) • “Great Drain” for removal of waste Thursday, January 21, 2016


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