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Ld Arch 130: Lec. 3 - English & French Gardens

by: Julia Isabel Rivera

Ld Arch 130: Lec. 3 - English & French Gardens Ld Arch 130

Marketplace > University of California Berkeley > Landscape Architecture > Ld Arch 130 > Ld Arch 130 Lec 3 English French Gardens
Julia Isabel Rivera

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About this Document

These notes cover terms relevant to, and brief histories of English Picturesque and French Renaissance Gardens.
Sustainable Landscapes and Cities
Kimberlee Stryker
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Isabel Rivera on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Ld Arch 130 at University of California Berkeley taught by Kimberlee Stryker in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Sustainable Landscapes and Cities in Landscape Architecture at University of California Berkeley.

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Date Created: 08/26/16
Tuesday, January 26, 2016 English Picturesque Garden Landscape Architecture 130 - TERMS Picturesque: mediator between opposing notions of aesthetic “beauty” and the • “sublime” - Beautiful: in balance and harmony with nature • Includes sense of appropriateness Edmund Burke’s theory of beautiful and sublime • - Sublime: concept of greatness to which nothing could be compared • Involved emotional reaction that includes awe and a sort of terror at extremes of nature • Includes element of moral and intellectual quality Arcadia: pastoral utopia, living in harmony with nature • • Ha-ha: long ditch to deter cattle and sheep, without creating visual barrier to the landscape • Folly: building constructed for decorative purposes in the landscape - Created picturesque effects very different from idly symmetrical/geometrical layouts of French garden (e.g. Versailles) - William Beckford’s Foothill Abbey was greatest of all landscape follies because of extravagance of its conception, building, size, and end (destination) • Was turning point in garden history; this showed his wealth! • Hedgerows: fence of plants; barrier to keep cattle in designated space - PRIMARY function: delineation of properties - Secondary function: ecological corridor to shelter wildlife - William Kent: “natural” gardening, clump planting - Lancelot ‘Capability’ Brown: Simplified garden - rolling & sweeping lawns, CURVING landscape, fewer buildings, bigger/curving lakes, long belts of trees Tuesday, January 26, 2016 Formal French Renaissance Garden Landscape Architecture 130 - Vaux le Vicomte (1661): Baroque French chateau for Nicolas Fouquet By architect Louis Le Vau, landscape architect Andrew Le Notre, and painter- • decorator Charles Le Brun - Their collaboration marked beginning of “Louis XIV style”: visual AXIS, distorted perspective - Versailles(1682): Baroque French chateau; HUGE, elegant, has primary axis and many imported trees, no sense of scale (distorted) • King Louis XIV wanted to make a BETTER version of Vaux le Vicomte (was outraged by its magnificence) • Machine de Marly (1684) to pump water from river to Versailles because King Louis XIV needed large water supply for his fountains; insufficient use of water! - Composed of 14 water wheels (noria): for lifting water into aqueduct Tuesday, January 26, 2016 - TERMS • Bosquet: relatively small and private space, enclosed by forest greenery, within larger French garden plan - Smaller gardens within a larger one • Le garden de plaisir: French pleasure garden, generally very large garden complex • Allee: road lined with trees or tall hedges • Parterres de broderie: patterns of boxwood on flat terrain seen from inside chateau; characterized by division of paths and beds to form embroidery-like pattern - Chateau: manor house/country house of nobility • Orangerie: large room with glass to allow light in - Used for winter storage of citrus until they can be set out again in the garden during spring - Characteristics • Symmetrical: axial arrangement, balanced; geometrical • Enormouse, elegant, grand • Controlled, rigid (think Le Notre) • Perspective: things closer to chateau positioned closer together, while items further away are spaced out more - Anamorphic! • Has fountains and statues • Sky is important element of design because brings light into garden, reflected from fountain • Nature can be ordered, arranged, organized, and controlled purely foreman use and pleasure


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