ENEC 201 Notes 8/26/16
ENEC 201 Notes 8/26/16 ENEC 201
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hadley Ashford on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENEC 201 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by GANGI,GREGORY J in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY in Environment and Ecology at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
ENEC 201 Notes 8/26/16 - Do we have the social/political systems to utilize new technology to create a better future? - History has shaped humans o Ex. people tend to hoard goods still because in past, scarcity was major challenge - Environmental constrains can directly affect ability to have cultural change - Easter Island: o Believed natives exploited their environment with population increase and were unable to survive o Took to cannibalism with food shortage o Scientists say Polynesians came to Easter Island in 400 Brought root crops- little nutritional value (acted as their carbs) Slash and burn technique Found forest with little diversity Because isolation, difficult for variety of seeds to get there One large tree= similar to Chilean white palm Palm only tree useful for making boats Used for deep sea fishing (mostly porpoises) because few fish around island from lack of coral reef Chief system not good with large population Caused fragmentation (clan system) with population growth Anarchic system o Believe islanders used palms to move statues (ropes and pathway) o Mass deforestation because competition between clans to make statues Humans hardwired to pursue statues to increase reproductive success Islanders practiced exogamy (women marry outside clan)- choose clans with highest status o Reasons for environmental exploitation: No higher power to stop it Clan competition Cultural resistance to change Religion Exogamy Government organization Short life-span + no written language + gradual environmental change Unable to see bigger picture o Relevant today because similar challenges Not trusting science leads us into future just as blindly as those on Easter Island Many people are unable/refuse to see bigger picture No higher global power to enforce environmental protection measures - Greenland: o Civilization disappearance because unable to adopt to little ice age o Characteristics of society: Norse settlers Pastoralists Christian/Catholic Church and king are major centers of power (feudal society) Inuit also occupy Greenland Live differently than Norse (Inuit= almost egalitarian) Conflict between Inuit and Norse, but little competition because had different goals
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