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Soc 101: Week 1 Notes

by: Hailey Hansen

Soc 101: Week 1 Notes Soc 101

Marketplace > University of Mississippi > Soc 101 > Soc 101 Week 1 Notes
Hailey Hansen
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About this Document

We began with the essential basics of sociology this week.
Introductory Sociology I
Dr. Miguel Centellas
Class Notes
sociology, SocialStructure, Sociologicalimagination




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Hansen on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Dr. Miguel Centellas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 157 views.

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Date Created: 08/26/16
The definition of sociology is as follows: Sociology is the scientific study of society, social institutions, and social relationships. It is the  systematic study of the ways in which people are affected by and affect the social structures and  processes that are associated with the groups, organizations, cultures, societies, and world in  which they live. Chapter 1 Introduction to Sociology in the Global Age Learning Objectives ­ **pay attention to these**  Social changes  Globalization  Consumption  McDonaldization  Sociological imagination Changing Nature of the World and Society  Industrial Revolution – factories  Postindustrial Age – the transition from factories to service industries  Information Age – society is dominated by media  Sharing Economy – think of Uber; you share your car and get paid  DILEMMA: We increasingly provide free labor, but material goods still cost money  As people stopped being nomads and settled down to plant crops, a stronger sense of  community was born. However, this also inspired violence to compete for better land. As  a result, the inequality in society changed social structure. o In other words, there had to be a single person who was decided who got what  land, which created social inequality.  In the Industrial Age, wealth increased as more jobs were made available, which also  forced a massive migration of people moving away from rural areas into more populated  ones. Society is: A complex pattern of social relationships that is bounded in space and persists over time Central Concerns for a 21  Century Sociologist  Globalization – the increasingly fluid global flows, and the structures that expedite and  impede those flows. For example, think about how social media connects the world  today.  Consumption – the process by which people obtain and utilize goods and services.  McDonaldization – the process by which the rational principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of society and more societies around the  world. o This is made possible by the assembly line. It is efficient and reduces cost and  creates standardization.  What is the Sociological Imagination?  To stand outside yourself and view yourself with a bird’s eye view in order to look at  society as a whole. o THIS IS NOT THE SAME AS EMPATHY Examples of:  Private Troubles and Public Issues o Think about drug addiction. It is seen as a personal problem because it is the  individual that struggles with the addiction. However, as it becomes more  common in the public and more awareness is brought up, it becomes a public  issue.  The Micro/Macro Relationship o Think about gangs. They are present locally and cause problems, which is the  micro aspect. However, they could also be related to larger cartels and potentially  start gang wars, meaning it moves from a small scale to a large scale event, which is the macro aspect.  The Agency/Structure Relationship o Think about fashion. You independently choose the outfit you wear each day,  meaning you have the ability to make a choice, which is the agency aspect.  However, the clothes you choose to wear are influenced by others around you. In  other words, we are often peer pressured into buying certain brands, which is the  structure relationship. Social Structures  The enduring and regular social arrangements, such as family and the state. In other  words, social structures are the social norms. They emerge from and shape the behavior  of individuals. o On the macro side, they are institutions, patterns of behavior, and stratification. o On the micro side, they are the norms and values that shape individual behavior. Social Processes  The dynamic and ever­changing aspects of the social world. Sociology’s Purpose  August Comte (the founding father of sociology) and “positivism”  More on this next week Questions to think about: 1. What responsibility do sociologists have to the larger society? 2. The U.S. president has a Council of Economic Advisors, should he/she have a council of  sociological advisors?


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