Soc 101: Week 1 Notes
Soc 101: Week 1 Notes Soc 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Hansen on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Dr. Miguel Centellas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 157 views.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
The definition of sociology is as follows: Sociology is the scientific study of society, social institutions, and social relationships. It is the systematic study of the ways in which people are affected by and affect the social structures and processes that are associated with the groups, organizations, cultures, societies, and world in which they live. Chapter 1 Introduction to Sociology in the Global Age Learning Objectives **pay attention to these** Social changes Globalization Consumption McDonaldization Sociological imagination Changing Nature of the World and Society Industrial Revolution – factories Postindustrial Age – the transition from factories to service industries Information Age – society is dominated by media Sharing Economy – think of Uber; you share your car and get paid DILEMMA: We increasingly provide free labor, but material goods still cost money As people stopped being nomads and settled down to plant crops, a stronger sense of community was born. However, this also inspired violence to compete for better land. As a result, the inequality in society changed social structure. o In other words, there had to be a single person who was decided who got what land, which created social inequality. In the Industrial Age, wealth increased as more jobs were made available, which also forced a massive migration of people moving away from rural areas into more populated ones. Society is: A complex pattern of social relationships that is bounded in space and persists over time Central Concerns for a 21 Century Sociologist Globalization – the increasingly fluid global flows, and the structures that expedite and impede those flows. For example, think about how social media connects the world today. Consumption – the process by which people obtain and utilize goods and services. McDonaldization – the process by which the rational principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of society and more societies around the world. o This is made possible by the assembly line. It is efficient and reduces cost and creates standardization. What is the Sociological Imagination? To stand outside yourself and view yourself with a bird’s eye view in order to look at society as a whole. o THIS IS NOT THE SAME AS EMPATHY Examples of: Private Troubles and Public Issues o Think about drug addiction. It is seen as a personal problem because it is the individual that struggles with the addiction. However, as it becomes more common in the public and more awareness is brought up, it becomes a public issue. The Micro/Macro Relationship o Think about gangs. They are present locally and cause problems, which is the micro aspect. However, they could also be related to larger cartels and potentially start gang wars, meaning it moves from a small scale to a large scale event, which is the macro aspect. The Agency/Structure Relationship o Think about fashion. You independently choose the outfit you wear each day, meaning you have the ability to make a choice, which is the agency aspect. However, the clothes you choose to wear are influenced by others around you. In other words, we are often peer pressured into buying certain brands, which is the structure relationship. Social Structures The enduring and regular social arrangements, such as family and the state. In other words, social structures are the social norms. They emerge from and shape the behavior of individuals. o On the macro side, they are institutions, patterns of behavior, and stratification. o On the micro side, they are the norms and values that shape individual behavior. Social Processes The dynamic and everchanging aspects of the social world. Sociology’s Purpose August Comte (the founding father of sociology) and “positivism” More on this next week Questions to think about: 1. What responsibility do sociologists have to the larger society? 2. The U.S. president has a Council of Economic Advisors, should he/she have a council of sociological advisors?
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