CJ 100 week 1 notes
CJ 100 week 1 notes CJ 100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Conner Jones on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 231 views.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
CJ 100 Notes August 17, 2016 3 main components of criminal justice system: Policing/law enforcement: local, state, federal Court system/judicial process Corrections/prison, community (parole, community service) Vocab words: Criminal justice- society’s response to crime Crime- an act or qualifying omission that is criminally punished by the government at some level August 19, 2016 Media influence on the CJ system “the illusion of choice” o almost all media comes from the same six sources 6 media giants control about 90% of what we read, watch, and listen to controlling the news is basically controlling perceived reality o Edward Bernays- known as the ‘father of propaganda’, published a book called Propaganda o Peak crime committing years: age 16-24 years o Age demographic is very important to look at when understanding overall crime rate o Crime rate has been steadily declining over the past 25 years Media sensationalism- tendency to present information about crime in a way that provokes public interest and excitement, usually at the expense of reality Public opinion often contradicts findings from actual crime data News outlets sensationalize to make money (they are a business) Trial by media Trial by media is when the media reaches a verdict in a case before the jury does o Examples: Casey Anthony, OJ Simpson, etc. Only about 5-10% of criminal cases actually go to a trial. The other 90- 95% end in a plea deal The role of public opinion Public opinion greatly influences political leaders Mass media greatly influences public opinion New age of social media has changed everything (YouTube, Facebook, twitter…) Spending on criminal justice has gone steadily up over the past 50 years The United states has the largest incarceration rate Current events Our national debt is about $19.5 trillion Our annual cost of crime is about $2 trillion August 22, 2016 White Collar Crime Frauds committed by business/government professionals Bernie Madoff, Libor Scandal, Enron What was the Libor scandal? o London Inter Bank Offer Rate o Banks are supposed to come together INDEPENDENTLY to come up with an interest rate o Banks cheated consumers out of hundreds of trillions of dollars o Banks jacked up interest rates in which people payed student loans, mortgages, etc. and lowered it when people were not paying back loans o Media hardly covered Libor Scandal at all Criminal court- has to be found guilty beyond reasonable doubt, has to face criminal punishment (life in prison, death) o Very little criminal punishment for those who participated in Libor scandal Deterrent – PROACTIVELY preventing criminal acts The impact of white collar crime is very defuse (widespread) White collar criminality Edwin Sutherland was the first to publish on white collar crime (1940) Called “the father of white collar crime” Sutherland’s criteria: o Crime had to be committed in the course of one’s occupation o Crime is undertaken by a “person of respectability and high social status” Ponzi scheme - fraud in which belief in the success of a nonexistent enterprise is fostered by the payment of quick returns to the first investors from money invested by later investors 3 main components to a Ponzi scheme o seems legitimate o have to come from well-respected and trusted individual o all end the same way: new investors stop and house of cards collapses criminology – scientific study of why criminals commit crimes o biological criminology o psychological criminology o sociological criminology August 24,26, 2016 Bill of Rights – first ten amendments of the US constitution, it protected against stcentral government becoming too powerful o 1 amendment – freedom of expression (speech, press, religion, assembly, petition) Schenck decision – established clear and present danger test Brandenburg test – created imminent and lawless action test (any speech is legal as long as it doesn’t enact lawless action like yelling fire in public) o 2 ndamendment – right to bear arms nd DC v. Heller (2008) – 2 amendment does relate to the right of individuals to bear arms o 3 amendment – protected from being forced to house troops in your home o 4 amendment – protection against unreasonable searches and seizures probable cause – law enforcement needs legal and probable cause to conduct a search unless given consent. “a reasonable person based on sufficient evidence would think that a crime has been committed” warrant- have to demonstrate probable cause in order to obtain a warrant. Have to be specific. discretion- police can use their discretion to determine punishment (unwritten law) plain view- can use evidence in “plain view” even if not specifically stated in search warrant plain smell- if officer can smell drugs he can search your car th main way to waive 4 amendment rights: consent NEVER physically resist law enforcement, always fight it out in court
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