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CJ 100 week 1 notes

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by: Conner Jones

CJ 100 week 1 notes CJ 100

Conner Jones
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lecture notes for criminal justice 100 week 1
Intro to Criminal Justice
Douglas Klutz
Class Notes




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"These have been very helpful, they cover everything that we have reviewed in class. "
Tristen Larson

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Conner Jones on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 231 views.


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These have been very helpful, they cover everything that we have reviewed in class.

-Tristen Larson


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Date Created: 08/26/16
CJ 100 Notes August 17, 2016 3 main components of criminal justice system:  Policing/law enforcement: local, state, federal  Court system/judicial process  Corrections/prison, community (parole, community service) Vocab words:  Criminal justice- society’s response to crime  Crime- an act or qualifying omission that is criminally punished by the government at some level August 19, 2016 Media influence on the CJ system  “the illusion of choice” o almost all media comes from the same six sources  6 media giants control about 90% of what we read, watch, and listen to  controlling the news is basically controlling perceived reality o Edward Bernays- known as the ‘father of propaganda’, published a book called Propaganda o Peak crime committing years: age 16-24 years o Age demographic is very important to look at when understanding overall crime rate o Crime rate has been steadily declining over the past 25 years  Media sensationalism- tendency to present information about crime in a way that provokes public interest and excitement, usually at the expense of reality  Public opinion often contradicts findings from actual crime data  News outlets sensationalize to make money (they are a business) Trial by media  Trial by media is when the media reaches a verdict in a case before the jury does o Examples: Casey Anthony, OJ Simpson, etc.  Only about 5-10% of criminal cases actually go to a trial. The other 90- 95% end in a plea deal The role of public opinion  Public opinion greatly influences political leaders  Mass media greatly influences public opinion  New age of social media has changed everything (YouTube, Facebook, twitter…) Spending on criminal justice has gone steadily up over the past 50 years The United states has the largest incarceration rate Current events  Our national debt is about $19.5 trillion  Our annual cost of crime is about $2 trillion August 22, 2016 White Collar Crime  Frauds committed by business/government professionals  Bernie Madoff, Libor Scandal, Enron  What was the Libor scandal? o London Inter Bank Offer Rate o Banks are supposed to come together INDEPENDENTLY to come up with an interest rate o Banks cheated consumers out of hundreds of trillions of dollars o Banks jacked up interest rates in which people payed student loans, mortgages, etc. and lowered it when people were not paying back loans o Media hardly covered Libor Scandal at all  Criminal court- has to be found guilty beyond reasonable doubt, has to face criminal punishment (life in prison, death) o Very little criminal punishment for those who participated in Libor scandal  Deterrent – PROACTIVELY preventing criminal acts  The impact of white collar crime is very defuse (widespread) White collar criminality  Edwin Sutherland was the first to publish on white collar crime (1940)  Called “the father of white collar crime”  Sutherland’s criteria: o Crime had to be committed in the course of one’s occupation o Crime is undertaken by a “person of respectability and high social status”  Ponzi scheme - fraud in which belief in the success of a nonexistent enterprise is fostered by the payment of quick returns to the first investors from money invested by later investors  3 main components to a Ponzi scheme o seems legitimate o have to come from well-respected and trusted individual o all end the same way: new investors stop and house of cards collapses  criminology – scientific study of why criminals commit crimes o biological criminology o psychological criminology o sociological criminology August 24,26, 2016  Bill of Rights – first ten amendments of the US constitution, it protected against stcentral government becoming too powerful o 1 amendment – freedom of expression (speech, press, religion, assembly, petition)  Schenck decision – established clear and present danger test  Brandenburg test – created imminent and lawless action test (any speech is legal as long as it doesn’t enact lawless action like yelling fire in public) o 2 ndamendment – right to bear arms nd  DC v. Heller (2008) – 2 amendment does relate to the right of individuals to bear arms o 3 amendment – protected from being forced to house troops in your home o 4 amendment – protection against unreasonable searches and seizures  probable cause – law enforcement needs legal and probable cause to conduct a search unless given consent. “a reasonable person based on sufficient evidence would think that a crime has been committed”  warrant- have to demonstrate probable cause in order to obtain a warrant. Have to be specific.  discretion- police can use their discretion to determine punishment (unwritten law)  plain view- can use evidence in “plain view” even if not specifically stated in search warrant  plain smell- if officer can smell drugs he can search your car th  main way to waive 4 amendment rights: consent  NEVER physically resist law enforcement, always fight it out in court


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