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PoliSci 101: Lecture 1 Notes

by: Cayla Haupt

PoliSci 101: Lecture 1 Notes POL 10100-002

Marketplace > Purdue University > POL 10100-002 > PoliSci 101 Lecture 1 Notes
Cayla Haupt
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These are the in-class lecture notes taken the week of 8/22-8/26
Into to American Government and Politics
Valeria S. Chapman
Class Notes
political, Science, PoliSci, PoliSci101, 101, politicalscience, pol101




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cayla Haupt on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL 10100-002 at Purdue University taught by Valeria S. Chapman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views.

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Date Created: 08/26/16
Cayla Haupt Prof. Sinclair­Chapman Poli Sci Designing Institutions Notes I. Politics A. Who gets what, when and how. 1. Elite Theory: Small group of people  that make the most important decisions 2. Pluralist Theory: Gov’t  (*Government) is open and accessible so no single group can ever  control any major policy arena.  a) Shapes our entire  cons’t (*Constitution) B. Politics: The process through which individuals and groups reach agreement on a common or collective action. 1. Arrises where conflicting interests or values occur.  2. How to best allocate limited  resources. 3. Conflict because no one’s going to  aggree. Therefore rules arise. II. Rationality A. It’s irrational to vote in national elections. 1. Turn out doesn’t change. 2. Swing Vote (MOVIE). 3. Costs outway the benefits. 4. We vote anyway. Acceptance­ to  register our opinion. 5. How are you going to make   difference anyway? B. Local elections 1. Decided by as little as 300 people. 2. Very rational. C. Rational Actors: Individuals have preferences and  act in accordance with them. 1. Not good or bad. 2. People make decisions that affect  their own preferences. 3. Expect that people can rank order. D. Information Constraints 1. People make decisions under  conditions of uncertainty. 2. Unattended consequences. 3. If information costs money, rational  to be ignorant. a) Trump is selecting  people that know more than he does. b) Delegates. Good. 4. Obamacare: Rural environments­  Competition goes down. Failing. E. Irrational Behavior: Making a choice that is counter  to your preferences.  III. Institutions A. Institutions and rules affect: 1. The # f choices available 2. The consequences of one or more  choices 3. The information and individual  knows about the choices and/or consequences. B. Ex: If construction is going on and you need a QR  code scanner to become informed on the situation­ those who cannot scan  QR codes are at a disadvantage. Becomes a problem. C. Rules are not unchanging. 1. When we change the rules it matters. 2. Rules allow predictability. 3. Negotiate in fair agreement.  D. Are not inherently fair. 1. Reflects the preferences of decision  makers. 2. Compete on the rules ourselves. 3. Superdelegates­ Bernie lost.  a) Hard to change the  rules after the fact. b) Outcome would’ve  been different if in Republican party. c) Major parties ties­ not fair E. Changes create new choices and new outcomes. F. Reliance helps to resolve competing preferences.  IV. Institutional Durability A. Authority is assigned to the office, not the  individual holding office. B. Institution persist beyond the tenure of any one  individual holding office. 1. We don't have to rewrite the  constitution every few years. 2. Why presidency is still apparent after president dies/ is removed from office. 3. Help stop people from deflecting on  the deals they make. 4. Everyone is focused on their own  self interest­ can protect our interests. 


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