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Vocabulary and Concepts: Chapters 1-3

by: Krystyna Kridos

Vocabulary and Concepts: Chapters 1-3 ARH 252

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > ARH 252 > Vocabulary and Concepts Chapters 1 3
Krystyna Kridos

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All the vocabulary and concepts for chapters 1-3. Need to know for test.
Survey Of Art I
Mary K. Benefield
Class Notes
Art History, Art, history
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krystyna Kridos on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 252 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mary K. Benefield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.


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Date Created: 08/26/16
Vocabulary and Concepts for   Chapters 1­3  Chapter 1:  ● Additive Method​ ­ sculpture technique where materials are built up to  create form  ● Burin​ ­ A pointed engraving tool  ● Composite View​ ­ twisted perspective; a view in which ​ art of a figure is  shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally  ● Composition​ ­ the way in which an artist organizes forms in an artwork,  either by placing shapes on a flat surface or arranging forms in a space  ● Freestanding Sculpture​ ­ carved or modeled in three dimensions ;  sculptures in the round  ● Ground Line​ ­ in paintings and reliefs, a painted or carved baseline in  which figures appear to stand  ● Henge​ ­ an arrangement of megalithic stones in a circle, often surrounded  by a ditch  ● Incise​ ­ To scratch  ● Landscape​ ­ a picture showing natural scenery, w/ out narrative content  ● Lintel​ ­ a horizontal beam used to span an opening  ● Megalith​ ­ great stones ; a large, roughly hewn stone used in the  construction of monumental prehistoric structures.  ● Neolithic​ ­ New stone age  ● Paleolithic ­ Old stone age; humankind produces the first sculptures and  paintings  ● Megalith​ ­ great stones ; a large, roughly hewn stone used in the  construction of monumental prehistoric structures.  ● High Relief​ ­ the image projects boldly from the background  ● Low Relief​ ­ the projection is slight from the background ; bas­relief  ● Subtractive Method​ ­ sculpture technique where materials are taken away  from the original mass.   ● Trilithons​ ­ a pair of monoliths topped with a lintel;found in megalithic  structures  Chapter 2:  ● Apadana  ​ ­ a royal audience hall  ● Cella​ ­ ​The chamber at the center of an ancient temple;central hall;in a  classical temple, the room in which the cult statue usually stood  ● City­State​ ­ the earliest complex urban societies; an independent, self  governing city  ● Cuneiform​ ­ wedge shaped characters produced by pressing a stylus into  soft clay tablets which was then baked or otherwise allowed to harden  ● Double Scale​ ­ an artistic convention where greater size equals greater  importance; interchangeable with hierarchy of scale  ● Foreshortening​ ­ a device for suggesting depth by representing a figure or  object at an angle, instead of frontally or in profile.   ● Hierarchy​ ­ ​a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked  one above the other according to status or authority.  ● Lamassu​ ­ colossal limestone monsters; winged, man­headed bulls that  were used to ward of the king’s enemies  ● Libations​ ­ the pouring of liquid as part of a religious ritual  ● Polytheism​ ­ the belief in multiple gods  ● Registe​r ­ ​one of a series of bands(or friezes) in a pictorial narrative, or the  particular levels on which motifs are placed    ● Stele​ ­ a carved stone slab used to mark graves or to commemorate  historical events  ● Votive Offering​ ­ a gift of gratitude for a deity; usually made in fulfilment of  a vow  ● Ziggurat​ ­ a monumental platform for a temple;high platform                    Chapter 3:  ● Ben­ben​ ­ a pyramidal stone;an emblem of the egyptian god Re  ● Block Statue​ ­ a cubic stone image with simplified body parts  ● Canon of Proportions  ​ ­ a “correct” proportion sought for the human figure  or buildin​g​  rule of proportion.  ● Capstone​ ­​ ​a large, flat stone forming a roof over the chamber of a  megalithic tomb.  ● Column​ ­ ​vertical, weight­carrying architectural member, circular in  cross­section and consisting of a base (sometimes omitted), a shaft, and a  capital.  ● Fluting​ ­ vertical channeling, roughly semicircular in cross­section and used  principly on columns and pilasters  ● Fresco Secco​ ­ the technique of painting in watercolors on dry plaster  ● Hieroglyphs//Hieroglyphics  ​ ­ a system of writing using symbols or pictures  ● Hypostyle Hall​ ­ a hall with a roof supported by columns  ● Idealism​ ­ ​any of various systems of thought in which the objects of  knowledge are held to be in some way dependent on the activity of mind  ● Ka  ​ ­ the immortal human life force in ancient egyptian time  ● Mastaba​ ­ ​Arabic, "bench." An ancient Egyptian rectangular brick or stone  structure with sloping sides erected over a subterranean tomb chamber  connected with the outside by a shaft.  ● Mortuary Temple​ ­ a temple erected for the worship of a deceased pharaoh  ● Naturalism​ ­ the style of painted or sculpted representation based on close  observation of the natural world that was at the core of the classical  tradition  ● Negative Space​ ­ ​the s​ pace​ around and between the subject(s) of an  image  ● Proportion​ ­ the relationship in size of the of the parts of persons, buildings,  or objects often based on a module  ● Realism​ ­ ​the quality or fact of representing a person, thing, or situation  accurately or in a way that is true to life.  ● Serdab​ ­ a small concealed chamber in an egyptian mastaba for the statue  of the deceased   ● Sphinx​ ­ a mythical egyptian beast with the body of a lion and the head of  a human  ● Stucco​ ­ a type of plaster used as a coating on exterior and interior walls.  Also used as a structural medium  ● Uraeus​ ­ an egyptian cobra;one of the emblems of pharaonic kingship  


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