Vocabulary and Concepts: Chapters 1-3
Vocabulary and Concepts: Chapters 1-3 ARH 252
Popular in Survey Of Art I
Popular in Department
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krystyna Kridos on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 252 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mary K. Benefield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.
Reviews for Vocabulary and Concepts: Chapters 1-3
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 08/26/16
Vocabulary and Concepts for Chapters 13 Chapter 1: ● Additive Method sculpture technique where materials are built up to create form ● Burin A pointed engraving tool ● Composite View twisted perspective; a view in which art of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally ● Composition the way in which an artist organizes forms in an artwork, either by placing shapes on a flat surface or arranging forms in a space ● Freestanding Sculpture carved or modeled in three dimensions ; sculptures in the round ● Ground Line in paintings and reliefs, a painted or carved baseline in which figures appear to stand ● Henge an arrangement of megalithic stones in a circle, often surrounded by a ditch ● Incise To scratch ● Landscape a picture showing natural scenery, w/ out narrative content ● Lintel a horizontal beam used to span an opening ● Megalith great stones ; a large, roughly hewn stone used in the construction of monumental prehistoric structures. ● Neolithic New stone age ● Paleolithic Old stone age; humankind produces the first sculptures and paintings ● Megalith great stones ; a large, roughly hewn stone used in the construction of monumental prehistoric structures. ● High Relief the image projects boldly from the background ● Low Relief the projection is slight from the background ; basrelief ● Subtractive Method sculpture technique where materials are taken away from the original mass. ● Trilithons a pair of monoliths topped with a lintel;found in megalithic structures Chapter 2: ● Apadana a royal audience hall ● Cella The chamber at the center of an ancient temple;central hall;in a classical temple, the room in which the cult statue usually stood ● CityState the earliest complex urban societies; an independent, self governing city ● Cuneiform wedge shaped characters produced by pressing a stylus into soft clay tablets which was then baked or otherwise allowed to harden ● Double Scale an artistic convention where greater size equals greater importance; interchangeable with hierarchy of scale ● Foreshortening a device for suggesting depth by representing a figure or object at an angle, instead of frontally or in profile. ● Hierarchy a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority. ● Lamassu colossal limestone monsters; winged, manheaded bulls that were used to ward of the king’s enemies ● Libations the pouring of liquid as part of a religious ritual ● Polytheism the belief in multiple gods ● Register one of a series of bands(or friezes) in a pictorial narrative, or the particular levels on which motifs are placed ● Stele a carved stone slab used to mark graves or to commemorate historical events ● Votive Offering a gift of gratitude for a deity; usually made in fulfilment of a vow ● Ziggurat a monumental platform for a temple;high platform Chapter 3: ● Benben a pyramidal stone;an emblem of the egyptian god Re ● Block Statue a cubic stone image with simplified body parts ● Canon of Proportions a “correct” proportion sought for the human figure or building rule of proportion. ● Capstone a large, flat stone forming a roof over the chamber of a megalithic tomb. ● Column vertical, weightcarrying architectural member, circular in crosssection and consisting of a base (sometimes omitted), a shaft, and a capital. ● Fluting vertical channeling, roughly semicircular in crosssection and used principly on columns and pilasters ● Fresco Secco the technique of painting in watercolors on dry plaster ● Hieroglyphs//Hieroglyphics a system of writing using symbols or pictures ● Hypostyle Hall a hall with a roof supported by columns ● Idealism any of various systems of thought in which the objects of knowledge are held to be in some way dependent on the activity of mind ● Ka the immortal human life force in ancient egyptian time ● Mastaba Arabic, "bench." An ancient Egyptian rectangular brick or stone structure with sloping sides erected over a subterranean tomb chamber connected with the outside by a shaft. ● Mortuary Temple a temple erected for the worship of a deceased pharaoh ● Naturalism the style of painted or sculpted representation based on close observation of the natural world that was at the core of the classical tradition ● Negative Space the s pace around and between the subject(s) of an image ● Proportion the relationship in size of the of the parts of persons, buildings, or objects often based on a module ● Realism the quality or fact of representing a person, thing, or situation accurately or in a way that is true to life. ● Serdab a small concealed chamber in an egyptian mastaba for the statue of the deceased ● Sphinx a mythical egyptian beast with the body of a lion and the head of a human ● Stucco a type of plaster used as a coating on exterior and interior walls. Also used as a structural medium ● Uraeus an egyptian cobra;one of the emblems of pharaonic kingship