COM 100, WEEK 1 NOTES
COM 100, WEEK 1 NOTES COM 100-001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isett Notetaker on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COM 100-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mr. Cory P. Harrison in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see Rhetoric and Society in Communication Studies at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
COM 100 Week 1 August 23, 2016 Tuesday The Basics of Rhetoric Definitions • Rhetor: The speaker or source of the message • Text: the message itself • Appeal: Pointed or directed persuasion • Artifact: the thing containing the message • Implication: a meaningful result • Exigency: what creates a need for a response Components of Rhetoric The 5 Rhetorical Chain • Invention: finding something to say, WHAT to argue • Arrangement: Organization or order of the argument • Style: Specific composition of an argument, HOW to argue • Memory: (how well recalled the argument is) • Delivery: (how well spoken the argument is) 1 **Memory & Delivery are the two we don’t normally use anymore because they are simply out dated** The 3 Rhetorical Appeals • Logos: Argumentation, appeal to conflict • Pathos: Feeling, appeal to emotions • Ethos: Character, appeal to credibility 2 Forgotten Appeals • Telos: the particular attitude of the speech (tone, purpose) • Kairos: the temporal setting of the speech (context, moment) Types of Rhetoric • Deliberative: dealing with the future • Forensic: focused on the past ◦ ex. the declaration of independence • Epideictic: seeks to praise or blame ◦ ex. maid of honor speeches, best man speeches ◦ politics The Rhetorical Situation • text: what constructed the message • rhetor: who’s the one speaking • audience: who or what is it designed for • purpose: to persuade the audience in same way, vital to understanding a text • setting: where is it taking place, what is the context Thomas Paine “Common Sense” • text: the pamphlet itself • rhetor: Thomas Paine (published anonymously) • audience: 2.5 million EuroAmericans of the Colonies • purpose: to convince the public of the important of independence • setting: published January 10 , 1776 Context • best selling American work ever • when published, best selling world period in America • first real popular appeal for independence • constructed in the style of a sermon • gave history of government, Britain’s monarchy, reasons to be independent, and how the then colonies might accomplish independence and self governance. August 25, 2016 Thursday Patrick Henry “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!” • delivered in 1775 • not published till 1815 Rhetorical Situation • Text: The Speech • Rhetor: Patrick Henry • Audience: Members of the Second Virginia Convention • Purpose: Convince the convention to supple troops for the looming Revolutionary War • Setting: March 23, 1775 Context • Patrick Henry: influential Virginia lawyer and member of the House of Burgesses • An impassioned speech to pass the Stamp Act Resolutions in 1765 which made an early case for independence in light of taxation • the Second Virginia Convention convened to basically figure out how Virginia was going to deal with Britain and the coming revolution • Henry was against the constitution, ensured Madison created the Bill of Rights, and eventually supported the Federalists against Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions. Boston Massacre, Anonymous Account Rhetorical Situation • Text: versions of testimony by Samuel Drowne • Rhetor: anonymous • Audience: American public • Purpose: described what happen during the Boston Massacre • Setting: Boston, 1770 Context • Troops has been in Boston since 1768 to enforce taxation policies from the Townshend Act • Upset colonists were not happy about their presence OR the taxes they were there to enforce • the tensions were extremely high • 5 colonists were killed • 6 soldiers acquitted (John Adams defended them, slurred crowd), 2 punished lights
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