Assigned Reading 32-39 Notes
Assigned Reading 32-39 Notes PSYC 1000
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cydney Tinsley on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1000 at University of Colorado Denver taught by Alex Northcutt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Colorado Denver.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
Cydney Tinsley Intro to Pysch Assigned Reading: Pages 32-39 Theoretical Frameworks, Modern Psychology, & Psychology Debates 1. Theoretical Frameworks of Psychology a. Structuralism: Uses introspection to identify basic elements of experience. Studied conscious experience. Practiced systematic observation. b. Functionalism: Sought to understand the adaptive purposes of our thoughts, feelings and behaviors. Influenced by Darwin. c. Behaviorism: Focused on observable behavior and objective research. Influential in models of human and animal learning. d. Cognitivism: Examined mental processes in regards to behavior. e. Psychoanalysis: How unconscious psychological processes and early life experiences affect behavior. 2. Types of Psychologists: a. Clinical Psychologist: Works mainly with people who have mental disorders. b. Counseling Psychologist: Works mainly with people who have temporary or self-contained problems, such as marital disputes. c. School Psychologists: Works with students, teachers, and parents to help remedy student’s behavioral, emotional, and learning difficulties. d. Developmental Psychologist: Studies and researches why people’s emotional, physiological, and cognitive processes change over time. e. Experimental Psychologist: Studies human memory, language, thinking, and social behaviors. f. Biological Psychologist: Studies physiology and behavior of both humans and animals. g. Forensic Psychologist: Works with, diagnoses, and helps rehabilitate prison inmates. h. Industrial-Organization Psychologist: Evaluates working conditions and employee performance, selects productive employees. 3. Nature vs Nurture Debate: The debate of whether it’s our genes (nature) or our environment (nurture) that effects our behavior. a. Particularly controversial in intelligence, personality, and mental illnesses. b. For a long time, (led by John Locke), most people believed that your behavior was shaped almost entirely by your environment. c. Studies done in the 20 century believed that genetics were the most influential, particularly when it came to intelligence, interests, personality, and mental illnesses. d. Modern day scientists, however, say that we are influenced heavily by both our environment and our genes. e. Evolutionary Psychology: Discipline that applies Darwin’s theory of natural selection to human and animal behavior. f. Fitness: The extent to which a trait increases or the chances that organisms that possess this trait will survive and reproduce at a higher rate than competitors who lack it. 4. The Free Will-Determinism Debate: The debate of to what extent our behaviors are freely selected and what are caused by factors outside of our control. Cydney Tinsley Intro to Pysch Assigned Reading: Pages 32-39 a. Many psychologists believe we don’t actually have free will. Psychologist B. F. Skinner says our free will is really just us not being aware of the environmental influences that are impacting us constantly.
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