GY 101 WEEK ONE NOTES
GY 101 WEEK ONE NOTES GY 101-002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isett Notetaker on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GY 101-002 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Sherman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 103 views. For similar materials see Atmospheric Processes and Patterns in Geography at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
GY 101 WEEK 1 August 25, 2016 Intro to Geography Geo= earth Graphie= to draw Geography is a framework for • Understanding: ◦ patterns ◦ relationships ◦ processes • conceptualizing • modeling • visualizing Characteristics • generalized • natural and social science • integrative science • common thread is spatial inquiry • defined by method not subject Geographical Approach • geography is defined by method not subject matter • spatial patterns (at some scale) are not random, but may be explained by processes Why Geography? • move toward interdisciplinary approaches to solve problems • move toward linking human and natural systems • understand pattern and process • view earth holistically • global nature of our society 4 Geography traditions • Spatial: techniques, advances • Regional: NGS, long history, area studies • Humanenviroment: changes in views • Earth science: physical geography Physical Geography • spatial analysis of patterns and the physical, chemical, and biological processes that create them • linking pattern and process • utilize over natural science • ultimate goal: understand ecological, earth surface geology = geomorphology pedology = soil geography biology = biogeography meteorology = climatology System Approach • regional v. systematic geography • focus on the physical environment of specific world regions • focus on a specific earth process of feature ◦ open/closed, dynamic equilibrium, feedbacks Earth as a System • System ◦ a set of interrelated components through which energy flows to produce orderly changes • Closed v. Open Systems ◦ Closed System have a limited energy supply confined within the system ◦ Open System Unlimited energy supply from an external source • Feedback and Dynamic Equilibrium Earth Spheres • Ecosphere ◦ Atmosphere: thin, gaseous veil; held to planet by gravity ◦ Lithosphere: crust and upper mantle ◦ Biosphere: zone of life ◦ Hydrosphere: water in atmosphere, on surface, and in crust, 3 phases Cryosphere: ice on land and water Lithosphere solid earth Hydrosphere all water found on, under, and over the surface of the earth Atmosphere the gases that surround the earth (its air) Biosphere all life on earth
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