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PSYC 3083, Week 1 Notes

by: Madeline Meyer

PSYC 3083, Week 1 Notes PSYC 3083

Madeline Meyer
GPA 3.8
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About this Document

This week, we covered what it is to be a counselor, the different types of counseling jobs, and the characteristics of those jobs.
Psychological Counseling
Class Notes
Counseling, Psychology




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline Meyer on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3083 at Louisiana State University taught by Copeland in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 123 views. For similar materials see Psychological Counseling in Psychology at Louisiana State University.


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Date Created: 08/26/16
Chapter 1: A. What is counseling/therapy? 1. Jerome Frank (1973): looked at common factors  Commitment to help clients  Inspire hope by showing that we know what we are doings and are credible; also that things will get better  Activist for clients  Listen empathically, meaning no matter what patient has done, they will try to see things from their perspective  Help clients understand their suffering (you weren’t born thinking this way, someway along the line it was implanted in you) o Do not technically need insight for this  Actively involved in change process (being there for them for fear of heights during a fear practice, allowing them to see family member with you, etc.) 2. Others (Gottman & Markman, 1978)  Are trained professionals (has been through a similar thing, has been trained by a university, etc.)  Have a base knowledge and use scientifically proven techniques  DON’T reply on personal wisdom or intuition (scientifically backed up techniques instead)  Keeps up with current requirements (the field changes and continuous education is required) 3. Other common notions  Process: how we are communicating something  Content: what the actual message is  Maintain high ethical standards (confidentiality  Directed toward positive change (behavioral, emotion, attitudinal) B. Counseling or Psychotherapy? 1. Differences  Counseling: preventative, not focused on emotions/social, focuses on education/development, less intensive, short term, more supportive, looks more into current situations, emphasis on “normal” o Prevention: educating others about something, no diagnosis  Psychotherapy: intervention/reparative, focus on emotions and overcoming problems, long term, more analytical, looks in past, emphasis on “dysfunction” o Intervention: has been diagnosed and working on treatment C. Counseling professions  Paraprofessionals: still professionals but have not had the educational training, have been through the same things  Social workers (licensed)  Psy.D.  Clinical psychologists  Psychiatrists -presented as a continuum, focusing on qualitative differences (amount of training, skill, etc.) D. Who is the counselor therapist? Profession Training Expertise Work setting Psychology MA – 2 years Intervention, Private, (counseling, Psy.D. – 4 years, assessment, outpatient school, clinical) research, research, clinics, training, medication academia internship Psychiatry MD – 3 years, Bio base of Hospitals, residency, mental illness, private license Dx, meds Social work BA or MA (2 Community, Government, year license. systematic welfare, LCSW) approach hospitals, private Psychiatric Associate/BA; Bio base, Hospitals, nurse R.N. (nursing understanding outpatient degree) of meds clinics Paraprofessional Varies (no Personal Substance training-2years) experience abuse clinics, hospital Psychiatric tech 2 years Custodial Hospitals duties, protection E. Training models  Boulder Model/Scientist-practitioner: university programs. First trained as scientist and then a practitioner (1949)  Vail Model/Professional Model: trained in order to do applied work, professional school. Less research, more therapy and assessment. Does not require MD


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