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Geog 204 Introduction and North America Notes

by: Michelle Pope

Geog 204 Introduction and North America Notes GEOG 204

Marketplace > University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign > Geography > GEOG 204 > Geog 204 Introduction and North America Notes
Michelle Pope
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About this Document

Introduction of the course and notes about North America
Cities of the World
Chen, ZCidell, J
Class Notes
geography, boston, 204, North, America, intro




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michelle Pope on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 204 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taught by Chen, ZCidell, J in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 97 views. For similar materials see Cities of the World in Geography at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.


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Date Created: 08/26/16
9/22/16 Introduction Question: What's special about a geographer's perspective on cities?GEOG 204 Syllabus 1. What is geography? a. Questions geographers ask i. What is where? 1) Worlds biggest cities in Asia ii. Why is it there? iii. Why should I care? b. Geography is a spatial science c. Spatial behavior in places i. Urban form: how the city is built correlated with what people do d. Spatial relationships between places i. Migration: how the city is built correlated with how people build/advertise e. Spatial processes that create or maintain places i. Commuting: how the city is built correlated with people going from home to work f. Multidisciplinary and synthetic g. Cultural landscapes and processes i. Built environment: architecture, housing, etc ii. Personal appearance: clothing, hair, etc iii. Language, religion, ethnicity, food, etc. h. Physical landscapes and processes i. Geomorphology 1) Uplift and erosion 2) Topography 3) Waterways ii. Climate 1) Precipitation 2) Temperature extremes 3) Climate change i. Economic, political, environmental, social, urban, etc. geographies North America I Wednesday, August 24, 2016 11:57 AM Question: Why are cities located where they are? 1. What is a city? a. A central place i. Exports goods and services to a larger region ii. Basic and non-basic (of economy) 1) A base service and not basic service 2) IE Champaign-Base=education; non basic=gas, food, shops iii. Larger than places around it b. Place of a certain size and/or density c. 1800: 3% people live in cities d. 2000s: 50% people live in cities i. Vary from region and country 2. Where are cities? a. Site: characteristics of the place itself i. Near water, sheltered, on a harbor, hilltop b. Situation: relative characteristics i. Crossroads, interior gateway, land/sea interface 1) IE Schaumburg, IL -many company headquarters c. Not a good place (really low and swampy) but great situation - Chicago d. New Orleans--most places are below sea level; big transportation route; more high=richer people; more low=poorer people e. Salem, MA-was at one time 6th biggest city in US; major port; served local market f. Santa Barbara, CA-didn’t have connectivity to rest of the country North America II Friday, August 26, 2016 11:58 AM Question: Why do cities have a certain spatial structure? 1. North American cities a. Heavily urbanized (75%), no primate city i. London, Paris ii. Primate city-largest city in its country or region; disproportionately larger than other cities b. Distinctive internal structure c. Immigration gateways d. Cities out the wilderness to nature in the city e. Strong suburbanization, now reversing in some cities 2. Colonial cities (reasons for founding cities) a. Trading resources for goods b. Interface between interior and oceans c. French, British, Dutch and Spanish cities d. Ex: Boston i. Military purpose; organic street pattern e. Detroit i. Military headquarters; organized street pattern f. St. Augustine i. Defensive structures; guard house in center; loose grid pattern 3. Early Industry (mid -1800s) a. Sites near energy source (fall line) IE water b. Rapid urbanization begins i. More job opportunities available; factories c. Industrialization (early 1900s) i. Massive immigration ii. Improved living conditions iii. Mass transit begins iv. New developments and establishing neighborhoods (China and Greek town) v. Boston-first city to have a subway d. Lowell, MA i. Fall line city ii. Textile mills came from here iii.Network of canals to support mills and factories iv. Clicker Question: What would be a basic service for Lowell in this time v. Boston-first city to have a subway d. Lowell, MA i. Fall line city ii. Textile mills came from here iii. Network of canals to support mills and factories iv. Clicker Question: What would be a basic service for Lowell in this time period? Answer: textiles e. Boston i. Filled in river because need more land ii. Clicker Question: by filling in its wetlands and tidal flats, Boston improved its: Site 1) Characteristics of the place itself 4. Post-war industry (mid -1900s) a. Mass production, consumption i. Started with model T 1) Assembly line (Henry Ford) ii. High wages for auto workers b. Suburbanization, freeways (1950s) c. Megalopolitan areas--two metropolitan areas blending into one d. Increase economic activity e. Secondary to tertiary f. City center emptying out--built central artery (elevated road) 5. Post-Industrial (1990s -now) a. Deindustrialization nationwide; going to China and Mexico b. Rise of service sector, "creative class"- -75%-80% working in here i. Create new jobs and industries c. Cities based on consumption, not production d. Return to (some) central cities i. Ex. Chicago e. EX: Boston--replaced big elevated freeway to a park and built it underground f. Clicker Question: In which time period would Boston have been a "walking city"? Answer: early industry i. No cars or transit g. Clicker Question: Which city do you suppose ranks the highest on the City Prosperity Index? Answer: NA


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