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Week 1 ANEQ 346 Disease Management Notes

by: Alia Coughlan

Week 1 ANEQ 346 Disease Management Notes ANEQ 346

Marketplace > Colorado State University > Equine Science > ANEQ 346 > Week 1 ANEQ 346 Disease Management Notes
Alia Coughlan
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About this Document

Intro to the course
Equine Disease
Dr Hess
Class Notes




Popular in Equine Disease

Popular in Equine Science

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alia Coughlan on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANEQ 346 at Colorado State University taught by Dr Hess in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Equine Disease in Equine Science at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 08/26/16
Week 1 Notes for ANEQ 346 Equine Disease Management 8/22 Introduction and overview of syllabus Lecture 1 *Be familiar with parts of the horse. Dr. Hess had provided a nice slide with names of all the parts Overview of the Skeleton: ­205 bones in total ­34 bones in skull ­40 bones in front legs (20 in each) ­40 bones in hind legs (20 in each) Directional Terms: ­Dorsal vs Ventral ­Cranial (towards head) vs Caudal (towards tail) ­Proximal vs Distal ­Rostral Directional Terms for Below the Hock: ­Palmar (front limbs) vs Plantar (hind limbs) *Good way to remember this is that Palmer has the word Palm in it, like the palm of your hands.  Plantar has the word Plant in it, like how you plant your feet. ­Axial vs Abaxial *See diagram in Lecture 1 notes for help Common Terminology Prefixes: ­derm = skin (ex: dermatology) hydro = water (ex: hydrothorax) ­arthro = joint (ex: arthritis necro = death (ex: necrosis) ­cyt = cell (ex: cytology) osteo = bone (ex: osteoporosis) ­hemo = blood (ex: hemoglobin)  phleb = vein (ex: phlebitis) Common Terminology Suffixes: ­oma = tumor (ex: melanoma) plasia = to form (ex: hyperplasia) ­itis = inflammation (ex: cystitis) uria = urine (ex: hematuria) ­emia = blood (ex: uremia) rhage = discharge (ex: hemorrhage) ­ectomy = taken out (ex: vasectomy)  opathy = disease (ex: nephropathy) *For more common suffixes and prefixes, please look at Dr. Hess Lecture 1 notes 8/24 Assessing health status in a horse Lecture 2 Nature of the Horse: ­Herd Animal ­Social Skills ­Flights or Fight Response *When we put horses in stalls, they develop vices or bad habits such as cribbing Feeding and Eating Habits: ­Digestive System ­Small stomach ­Cecum ­Well developed hindgut ­Continuous Grazing ­Up to 18 hours/day for normal horse ­Small stomach means frequent meals ­Meal Feeding ­Shorter periods of eating Early Signs of Disease: ­Stops eating or becomes selective in what they eat ­Elevated Temperature ­Changes in attitude or behavior Normal Values for a Horse: ­Temperature: 38 ± 0.5 C ­98 – 101 F ­Pulse: 30­40 Beats Per Minute (BPM) ­24 – 48 ­Respiration: 6­16 BPM Normal Values for a Foal: ­Temperature: 99.5 – 102 F ­Pulse: 80 – 120 BPM ­Respiration: 20 – 40 BPM Reasons for Elevated Temperature: ­Exercise ­Temperature should be below 103 F thirty minutes after exercise ­Environment ­Infectious Disease ­Brain Lesions ­etc Mucous Membranes: ­Should be pink in color ­Pale = in shock or anemia ­Purple = not enough oxygen ­Purple Rings = toxemia ­Should be moist Other Health Assessments: ­Capillary Refill Time (CRT) ­Should be less than two seconds ­Indication of the circulatory system ­Skin Pinch ­Pinch along point of shoulder ­Neck isn’t as reliable because it becomes saggy with age ­Gastrointestinal Sounds ­Absent sounds is NOT GOOD ­Four spots to listen to: ­Small Intestine ­Large Intestine ­Cecum ­Iliocecojunction ­Palpation ­Muscle Tone ­Swelling or Heat ­Percussion *Normalcy depends on age, sex, purpose, breed, season, etc Quantification of “Normal”: ­Horses Weight ­Body Condition Score (BCS) ­Distribution of fat Diagnosing an Obese Horse: ­Get overheated very easily ­Poor athletic performance ­Exacerbate Osteoarthritis Evaluating Body Condition Score (Where to Look): ­Along the neck ­Withers ­Ribs ­Tailhead ­Crease down the back How to Estimate Weight: ­Eyeball it ­Use a weight tape ­Measure from the point of shoulder to the point of buttock ­Measure heart girth circumference ­Body Weight = Heart Girth ^2 x Body Length/330 8/26 Class canceled


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