Drugs and Behavior Week 1 (Aug 24-26)
Drugs and Behavior Week 1 (Aug 24-26) PSYC 265
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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becca Sehnert on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 265 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Dr. Stoltenberg in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 132 views. For similar materials see Drugs and Behavior in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Nebraska Lincoln.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
Drugs and Behavior PSYC 265 Wednesday Aug 24 Notes I. DRUG a. Can alter normal experiences and consciousness (psychoactive) i. Not medicines, voluntarily consumed ii. For social and recreational purpose to change mood, thought, and behavior iii. Not medical drugs (except opiates) b. Focus on alcohol! i. Influence and pathways used by alcohol are the same as some other drugs ii. Start taking them cuz they make you feel good. Then things change iii. The drugs interact with brain, then change function and structure which causes addiction II. Drugs of Interest a. Alcohol b. Nicotine c. Marijuana –just cuz it’s natural doesn’t mean its good…chemical structure still same d. Heroin e. Methamphetamine f. Cocaine g. Caffeine h. LSD i. MDMA (ecstasy) j. Read pages 12-20 k. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/abuse/ Good website to learn more. Interactive III. Classifying drugs a. Psychoactive properties i. Stimulant (Coca-Cola, cocaine) ii. Depressants/sedative-hypnotics iii. Hallucinogens iv. Analgesic (pain relievers) b. Origins i. Opioid derivatives (morphine, heroin) ii. Synthetic opioids (Demerol, Darvon) c. Legal status i. Licit (legal) ii. Illicit (illegal) iii. i.e. Stimulants 1. Caffeine –few restrictions 2. Nicotine –some restrictions 3. Methylphenidate (ADD), amphetamine (diet pills), cocaine (anesthesia, novacaine) –major restrictions 4. Crack cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA (ecstasy) –illicit! d. http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/schedules/index.html e. Marijuana –not agreed upon by state and federal law. Also, not good medically because you have to smoke it. Marijuana will always be in a high level of security f. Caffeine –not big abuse potential. People aren’t losing jobs because of it g. Alcohol –high abuse potential, no medical use for it. Industry for it, never be 1 h. Tobacco –should be 1, not due to political reasons IV. Drug control a. Why control it? Impact on people who aren’t users. Public health, more deaths by drugs. b. How should government control it? i. Don’t control it http://www.lp.org/platform ii. A little control https://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp iii. Extreme control –The punisher http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo- way/2016/08/22/490944191/under-new-philippine-president- nearly-1-800-have-died-in-extrajudicial-killings? utm_campaign=storyshare&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_medi um=social c. Issues? i. Dependence and use cost lots of money -$6000 per second ii. Not all drugs same –body reacts differently, cant have all same policy iii. Some restrictions good iv. Costs of enforcement V. Prohibition a. Social problems due to alcohol abuse b. Temperance organizations –against alc and drug use c. Volstead act -18 amendment ratified -46 of 48 states agreed with this d. Rates of abuse and crime went down! e. 13 years later, repealed it. 36 of 48 states agreed. f. Alcohol use in part of our culture VI. Marijuana a. 1930s movement due to immigration and politics b. “Reefer Madness” –violence and insanity, gateway drug c. Marijuana tax act of 1937 i. License to have mary j, but needed weed to get license d. Current marijuana stamp laws -http://www.revenue.nebraska.gov/legal/regs/drugtax.html e. Friday Aug 26 I. If you want to guess something, guess the average II. Psychological perspective a. Science is a systematic approach to something, not a subject matter b. Correlational studies c. Approach impacted by participants d. Psych is the study of behavior (physical act of drinking, cognitions, etc.) e. Behavior is the product of multiple factors, it’s not random f. Basic research –to increase knowledge on subject g. Applied research –treatment for disorders III. Goals of Psychology a. Describe –“Alcoholism tends to be in some families more than others” b. Predictions –FH+ means family history of use c. Explain –Could be genetic predisposition, environmental effects too d. Control –treatment options IV. Etiology –study of causation a. Identify risk and protective factors, many factors b. Basic research to identify factors that influence whether someone develops prolems with substances i. Biological ii. Personality iii. Learning iv. Social v. Developmental vi. Cultural c. There is not one answer to addition, you don’t know the whole story, so many factors V. Treatment: What is effective? a. Applied research to determine which treatment approaches are useful in reducing problems b. Pharmacological? c. Intervention? d. Different approaches? VI. How is behavior studied? a. Systematic observation –there’s problems with all study methods b. Naturalistic observation c. Case studies d. Correlational –not possible otherwise, find relationships, cant imply causation i. Convergent evidence –when pattern is discovered over different methods (genes influence risk for alcoholism) e. Experiments –manipulate variable (amount of alcohol) VII. Animal studies a. Very helpful! Can manipulate things that you can’t ethically do with humans b. Cows have very similar brains to humans c. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VLlIdEWco4M Their behavior was very similar to humans