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Vocabulary for Anthropology

by: Tania Michelle Bolly

Vocabulary for Anthropology 1301

Tania Michelle Bolly
GPA 3.5

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Notes for final
Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Larry Baron
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tania Michelle Bolly on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1301 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Larry Baron in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in Cultural Anthropology at University of Texas at El Paso.

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Date Created: 08/26/16
Tania Bolly July 20, 2016 Introduction to Anthropology Professor Larry Baron Vocabulary­ Anthropology Creationists­ religious belief that the universe/ life originated from specific acts of divine creation  Cretaceous­ geological period/ system from 145 to 66 million years ago Exogyra­ extinct genus/ fossil of saltwater oysters Endocannibilism­ practice of eating flesh of a human being from same community  Peruvians­ citizens of the republic of Peru  Oldowan­ archaeological term used to refer to an old stone tool in prehistory  Hammer stone­ hard cobble used to strike off lithic flakes from a lump of tool stone during the process of lithic reduction  Metamorphic­ denoting rock that has undergone transformation by heat, pressure or other natural agencies  Igneous­ having solidified from lava or magma  Sedimentary­ rock that has formed from sediment deposits from water or air  Quartzite­ nonaffiliated metamorphic rock composed entirely of quartz  Flake tool­ a type of stone that was used during stone age and created for striking  Hand axe­ a prehistoric tool with two faces that is the longest tool in human history  Monolith­ a large upright block of stone shaped into a pillar of some sort Arrow shaft­ the long handle of a weapon tool or instrument  Bifacial­ having two faces  Protagonist­ leading character of film, drama, etc.. Conchodial fracture­ a curved breakage that resembles concentric ripples of mussel shell, often occurs in fine grained material  Hafting­ process by which artifact often bone or metal is attached to a handle or strap  Universal­ affecting or done by all people or things in the world or in certain group  Ramification­ a consequence of an action or event, especially when complex or unwelcome  Charles Darwin­ best known for work as a naturalist, developing theory of evolution to explain biological change   Yanomomo­ indigenous people who live in the amazon rainforest between Brazil and Venezuela in villages  Dialects­ particular form of language and its structure, including study of morphology, phonetics, syntax, and semantics  Myth­ a traditional story having to do with history… etc.  Ritual­ sequence of activities involving gestures, words, and objects performed in certain place and according to sequence  Autism­ condition/disorder that begins in childhood and causes problems in forming relationships and in communication with others Tania Bolly July 20, 2016 Introduction to Anthropology Professor Larry Baron Linea­ white line  Participant­ a person who takes part in something Shamanism­ a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to perceive/ interact with spiritual world  Berdache­ modern umbrella used by indigenous north Americans to describe gender variant individuals in communities  Observation­ action or process of observing something  Glottochronology­ part of lexioustattitcs dealing with chronological relationship between languages  KKK­ the klu klax klan name of three distinct past and present movements in the unites states that have advocated extreme reactionary currents such as white supremacy, nationalism etc. expressed through terrorism at individuals or groups they oppose  Xenophobia­ intense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries Head man­ chief or leader in a tribe Socialization­ is a term used by sociologists, social psychologists, anthropologists, political scientists, and educationalists to refer to the lifelong process of inheriting and disseminating norms, customs, values and ideologies, providing an individual with the skills and habits necessary Diffusion­ spreading od something more widely  Foramen magnum­ hole in back of the head Bipedal­ using only two legs for walking Australopithecus­ any of a genus (Australopithecus) of extinct southern and eastern African hominids that include gracile and robust forms with near­human dentition and a relatively small brain Social Stratification­refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. In the United States, it is perfectly clear that some groups have greater status, power, and wealth than other groups Blade core technique­ The technique was more sophisticated than earlier methods of lithic reduction, involving the striking of lithic flakes from a prepared lithic core. A striking platform is formed at one end and then the core's edges are trimmed by flaking off pieces around the outline of the intended lithic flake Uni facial­ a single bevel forms of working edge  Scrapper­ a fighter or aggressive competitor, especially one always ready or eager for a fight, argument, or contest Chinese Exclusion Act­ was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882. It was one of the most significant restrictions on free immigration in US history, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers Tania Bolly July 20, 2016 Introduction to Anthropology Professor Larry Baron Raramuri­ Native American people of northwestern Mexico who are renowned for their long­distance running ability. In their language, the term rarámuri refers specifically to the men, women are referred to as mukí Assimilate­ to take in, to understand fully  Enculturated­ process by which an individual learns the traditional content of a culture and assimilates its practices and values Ebene­ strongest drug in the amazons Xenophobia­ dislike of other people/ communities  Metate­ a flat or slightly hollowed oblong stone on which materials such as grain and cocoa are ground using a smaller stone 


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