Social Psychology Week 1 Notes
Social Psychology Week 1 Notes PSY 270-001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Anderson on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 270-001 at Indiana State University taught by Dr. Sheets in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 151 views. For similar materials see psy orientation soc psy in Psychology at Indiana State University.
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Easy to follow and helped a lot on the test 1
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Date Created: 08/26/16
Social Psychology Week 1 Chapter 1 Social Psychology: o We are social creatures by nature o We need each other Social pain is remembered more than physical pain A brief history: o 1898 Norman Triplett Noticed when people race in a group they are faster. Wind blocking hypothesis: someone in front blocks wind Sucking hypothesis: person in front creates vacuum and pulls the one behind Hypnotism: seeing wheels hypnotize you and focus you Competitive instinct: other people release nervous energy and make you move faster Study: fishing reel connected to a flag that kids reeled either alone or with a group watching to see how fast they were Why fishing reels? no wind, sucking, or hypnotism Independent variable: presence of others Dependent variable: speed Result: others facilitate simple tasks o Model for what social psychology is: Applied: real world problems Theoretical: developed variety of theories to explain Experimental: manipulate variables in controlled setting o 1908: Ross & McDougall Ross: sociologist (social focus) Individual behavior reflects larger culture Groups have norms McDougall: psychologist (individual focus) trained in bio and med Behaviors reflect instincts Natural selection traits adapt to environment to survive o 1930s1940s Kurt Lewin: father of modern social psychology Came from Germany in 1933 B= f(P,E) : behavior is a function of personal characteristics and environment Invisible glass video Beliefs trump reality Known for action research: “no research without action; no action without research” Do science to change the world. “There is nothing so practical as a good theory” What do theories do? organize, predict, link/generalize Essential to understanding class is research Social psychology research methods: 3 categories o Descriptive shows an overall pattern on one variable. Milgram’s small world o Correlational assesses relationship between variables Uses correlations (r) ranging from (1,0,+1) Sign tells direction, number tells strength Negative( opposite direction), positive ( same direction) Negative correlation: above average on first variable and below average on second variable r=.86 (IQ twins), r= .39 (stress/depression), r= .57 (age/attractiveness) Can’t draw causal conclusions, no cause + effect (spurious) Confound other (3 ) variable explains relationship Drowning deaths go up with ice cream sales because of heat o Experimental Mainstay of social psychology In lab or field Triplett Independent variable controlled by experimenter Dependent variable “outcome”/”effect” of IV Random assignment makes groups equal at outset Confederate someone whose behaving like another subject to control interaction control one side
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