Elementary Spanish, Week 2
Elementary Spanish, Week 2 SPANN-001-02
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hanna Martinez on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPANN-001-02 at Copper Mountain College taught by Alma Olvera in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Elementary Spanish 1 in Foreign Language at Copper Mountain College.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
Conjugation of Verbs Subject Pronoun ser (to be) singular yo soy I am singular tú eres You (informal) are singular él/ella, usted es he/she is, you (formal) are plural nosotros(as) somos We are plural vosotros(as) sois You (informal; Spain) are plural ellos(as), ustedes son They are, you are *In most of Spain, the plural form of tú is vosotros(referring to men or a mixed group of men and women) or vosotras(referring to women only). Ex. David y María, vosotros sois mis amigos. David and Maria, you are my friends. Alicia y Regina, vosotras sois muy sinceras. Alicia and Regina, you are very sincere. *In Latin America, ustedes is the plural form for both tú and usted. *To make a sentence negative, add n o in front of the verb. Ex. Raquel es la madre de María José. Raquel is María José’s mother. Raquel no es la madre de María Jose. Raquel is not María José’s mother. *Hay (there is or there are) the use of hay is to indicate the existence of people, places, and things. hay may be followed by a singular or plural noun. Numbers 030 0 cero 7 siete 14 catorce 21 veintiuno 28 veintiocho 1 uno 8 ocho 15 quince 22 veintidós 29 veintinueve 2 dos 9 nueve 16 dieciséis 23 veintitrés 30 treinta 3 tres 10 diez 17 diecisiete 24 veinticuatro 4 cuatro 11 once 18 dieciocho 25 veinticinco 5 cinco 12 doce 19 diecinueve 26 veintiséis 6 seis 13 trece 20 veinte 27 veintisiete *Uno has three different forms. 1. When counting, the form uno is used. Example: Uno, dos, tres… (One, two, three…) 2. Wh en no precedes a singular masculine noun, the o is dropped to form un (un s un professor…). Example: Hay u n professor en la classe. (T here is one professor in the class.) 3. Before a singular feminine noun, una is used (una señora, una professora…) Example: Hay una cafeteria buena en esta univeridad. ( There is one good cafeteria in this university.) *The number veintiuno changes to veintiún before a plural masculine noun and veintiuna before a plural feminine noun. Ex. Hay v eintiún estudiantes. There are twentyone students. Hay veintiuna computadoras. There are twentyone computers. *Some numbers will need written accents to maintain stress the proper syllables: diesciséis, veintiún, veintiséis.
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