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What is Crime?

by: Kamila Timaul
Kamila Timaul
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In this chapter, you will be studying the definition of crime and understanding the features of criminal behavior. Different types of crime will be introduced in the chapter, including violent, pro...
Law, Crime and the Criminal Justice System
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kamila Timaul on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CCJ 2002 at Florida Atlantic University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Law, Crime and the Criminal Justice System in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida Atlantic University.

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Date Created: 08/26/16
CCJ2002 – UNIT 1­ WHAT IS CRIME? The Consensus Model  Assumes that a diverse group of people have similar morals and share an ideal of what is  “right” and “wrong”  Crimes are acts that violate this shared value system and are deemed harmful to society  Agreement among that majority of any particular group who share similar morals The Conflict Model  Assumes that society is so diverse that members do not share moral attitudes  The most politically powerful members of society have the most influence on criminal  law and impose their value system on the community.  Often based on class, income, race, and age.  An Integrated Definition of Crime  Crime is an action that is punishable under criminal law and is punishable by criminal  sanctions  Considered an offence against society as a whole, not against the victim  Punishable by statutorily determined sanctions that bring about a loss of personal  freedom Criminal Behavior Can be grouped into Six Categories  Violent crime – crimes against persons 9murder, sexual assault, assault, battery, robbery)  Property Crime – economic gain ( larceny, burglary)  Public order crime – victimless crimes  White Collar crime – business or personal advantage Purpose of the Criminal Justice System  Maintaining Justices  Protecting Society o Protect from potential future crimes of the most “dangerous” or “risky” offenders o Determine when an offense has been committed and provide appropriate  punishment o Rehabilitate those offenders who have been punished so that it is safe to return  them to the community o Support crime victims and, to the extent possible, return that to their pre­crimes  status. The Structure of the CJS  Local Law Enforcement o City Police agencies o County Sheriffs  State Law Enforcement o State Police o Highway patrols o Other state law enforcers such as fire marshals, wildlife wardens, and beverage  control officers, etc.  Federal Law Enforcement o Department of Homeland Security o Federal Bureau of Investigation o Secret Service o Drug Enforcement Administration o Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives  The Courts o Dual court system o One federal courts and fifty different state court systems Discretion and Ethics  The formal criminal justice process o Functions as an assembly line o Arrest > trial >sentencing  Informal criminal justice process o Based on the use of discretion to offset the rigidity of criminal statues and  procedural rights Criminal Justice Today  The primary emphasis on the right of society to be protected from crime  Arrest and incarceration are the goals  Allows police to “do their jobs” without being  Limits the rights and protections enjoyed by defendants  Harsher Sentencing  The Due Process Model: o Primary emphasis on the right of the individual to be protected from the power of  government o Assures constitutional rights of those accused of crimes o Allows nonviolent offenders to serve their time in the community rather that  jail/prison


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