Art History 2300 Week 2 Notes
Art History 2300 Week 2 Notes ARHI 2300
Popular in Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddi Huff on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARHI 2300 at University of Georgia taught by Neely, Elizabeth in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo in Art at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People ARHI 2300- Cave Painting to Michelangelo Lecture Notes Week 2 8/22/16 Sumerian and Akkadian 1. White temple of Uruk- would have sat on top of a ziggurat a. Monumental platform for a temple in ancient Mesopotamian architecture that was raised towards the gods b. Constructed for Anu c. Female head- possibly depicts goddess Inanna or Ishtar, found in Uruk i. Made of marble, very expensive and unusual d. Continuous narrative- sequential events grouped together with the same composition e. Statues may have contained in-laid stone eyes (Lapis lazuli, obsidian) and were decorated with plated gold and shells f. Register- one of a series of superimposed bands or friezes in a pictorial narrative; particular levels on which motifs are placed g. Uruk vase- used to bring about fertile land i. Depicts sacred marriage of Inanna and male consort ii. Most important scenes on top iii. Register- iv. Hierarchy of scale- Larger size of figures indicates a greater importance v. Registers divided by ground lines vi. Base of vase is called a foot 2. Ur- City was wealthy due to trade a. City where the biblical Abraham lived b. Excavation of the royal cemetery was led by Sir Leonard Woolley c. Servants and musicians buried with the royalty to service them in the afterlife d. Standard of Ur- Possibly a wooden or music box i. One side depicted peace, while the other depicted war ii. Gods/kings depicted as being much larger e. Bull headed lyre- musical instrument (similar to the harp) found in fragments in the King’s grave i. Decorated with lapis, which is extremely expensive since it is only found in Afghanistan ii. Heraldic composition- a composition which a single, central thing is flanked on either side by symmetrical imagery 3. Akkad- Sumer wad conquered by Sargon I of Akkad. The Akkadians adopted Sumerian culture with one exception; leaders were no longer viewed as gods a. Naram-Sin Victory Steele- First known example of figure on landscape. Intentionally forces view to look at the king with implied lines i. Steele- vertical stone monument or marker often inscribed with text or relief carving b. Head of Akkadian Ruler- Damaged remains of copper statue, likely destroyed in protest. 8/24/16 Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People 1. Babylonians- Sumer was reunited by ruler, Hammurabi a. Stele of Hammurabi- found with “law code” of Hammurabi (“an eye for an eye”) i. Depicts sun god giving him law code and therefore the right to rule ii. High relief carving b. Assyrian art i. Citadel of Sargon ii. Throne room of palace was protected by lamassu, man-headed winged bulls 1. Apotropaic- beasts who guard a city from bad luck, evil, and enemies 2. Relief sculpture- image that projects beyond surface iii. Ashurbaipal Reliefs- Depicts the king on an epic lion hunt 1. A form of propaganda 2. Neo-Babylonian art- a. Ishtar Gate- glazed brick gate entrance to Babylon i. Decorated with animals ii. Arcuated- arch-shaped 3. Perisian art- a. Persopolis Palace Complex- i. Apadana- great audience hall in Persian palaces 8/26/16 Egypt 1. Egypt- Art is consistent for 3.000 years because their natural defenses protected them from interference a. Hieroglyphs- Egyptian alphabet, translated by Rosetta Stone b. Cosmetic palette of King Narmer- Depicts upper Egypt conquering lower Egypt. King wears crown of upper Egypt, while he pulls the hair and stands on top of lower Egypt. i. Also depicts Hathor, mother of pharaohs, which indicates the ruler’s divinity’ ii. Twisted perspective used iii.Palette- stone slab with circular depression on one side (used in ritual) iv. Votive- gift of gratitude to deity v. Low relief sculpture- less exposed stone, more difficult to break vi. First instance of name being written down. vii. Hierarchy of scale- King is more important, and therefore much larger than the other figures c. Mummification- technique used by ancient Egyptians to preserve human bodies so that they may serve as the eternal home of the immortal ka by embalming and drying i. Ka- soul, essence, spirit double ii. Natron- a natural salt used to eliminate moisture from body 2. Evolution of tomb architecture i. Mastaba -> stepped pyramid -> pyramid -> Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People ii. Mastaba- rectangular structure with sloped sides and burial structure underneath iii. Serdab- where mummy was prepared iv. Stepped Pyramid and mortuary precinct of King Djoser 1. Imhotep- very first recorded artist 3. Old kingdom a. Menkaure (smallest and most recent pyramid) b. Khafre (central) i. Great Sphinx- it guards pharaoh’s tomb, similar to lamassu ii. Composite creature iii. Lion is symbol of sun god, Ra c. Khufu (oldest and largest pyramid)
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