Chapter 11 Notes (Pt 1)
Chapter 11 Notes (Pt 1)
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Date Created: 03/25/15
Chapter 11 Subjonctif PART 1 Indicative vs Subjunctive Indicative states an objective fact whether it be past present or future Subjunctive 1 Deals with facts objectively from the POV of the speaker in the main close In other words it indicates the subjective attitude of the speaker in the main clause towards the action in the subordinate clause 2 Deals with hypothetical actions which have not occurred and may never occur Often this includes stating the attitude of the subject in the main clause toward the hypothetical action Verbs in the main clause that call for the subjunctive in the subordinate clause verbs of o Wishing preferring suggesting etc 0 Expression of emotions fearing being glad being sorry etc All of these verbs must indicate the attitude of the subject of the main clause toward either a fact or a hypothetical action are followed by the subjunctive in the subordinate clause which is introduced by que Notez 1In statements e spererto hope is always followed by the indicative In interrogative statements it is followed by either indicative or subjunctive In statements it is followed by the subjunctive 2Verbs of advising commanding permitting preventing requesting etc may be followed by subjunctive BUT are usually followed by de in nitive 3quotWantquot v0u0ir que subjunctive when the English construction is quotwantquot object in nitive Chronology in the Subjunctive I Present used if the action of the subordinate clause takes place at the same time as OR after the action of the main clause ll Past used if the action of the subordinate clause took place before the action of the main clause Ill Future there is no future tense in the subjunctive that is used in conversation Instead French uses the present subjunctive to talk about the future Q When does French use the in nitive instead of quotque clause subjunctivequot even in cases where the subjunctive seems necessary A When the subject of the main clause and the subject of the subordinate clause are the same When this is the case verbs of wishing are directly followed by the in nitive without a preposition However verbs of emotion require de before an in nitive Notez 1Ne and pas precede the in nitive when it s in the present 2Ne and pas precede the auxiliary of a past in nitive Ex j ai peur de ne pas avoir vu le vrai responsible Q When we have an impersonal expression when is the indicative used and when is the subjunctive used A Indicative when the impersonal expression insists on a fact or the certainty of a fact 0 ll est 0 ll est exact 0 ll est vrai certain 0 ll est 0 ll me 0 ll est Clair probable sembe ll est 0 ll est s r evident Subjunctive when the impersonal expression is the attitudeopinion of the speaker towards a hypothetical stateaction 0 ll est bien 0 ll est temps 0 ll est 0 ll est bon ll est ne cessaire 0 ll est e trange 0 ll est douteux ll est possible 0 ll est important 0 ll faut e tonnant ll est 0 ll importe lest impossible 0 ll se oeut preferable ll est juste sembe ll est peu ll est suf t probable nature vaut ll est rare meux
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