JTC 100 Notes, Week 1-Newspapers II
JTC 100 Notes, Week 1-Newspapers II JTC 100
Popular in Media in Society (GT-SS3)
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daniela Navarro on Friday August 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JTC 100 at Colorado State University taught by Joseph Champ; Kimberly J Spencer in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Media in Society (GT-SS3) in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 08/26/16
Media in Society August 26, 2016 o Harry Truman » The newspaper published that Dewey won because everything made it seem he would win, but Truman ended up winning o All The President’s Men o Journalism After the Penny Press o Technology can shift the way we produce news o Telegraph » 3 Contributions o Communication was separated from transportation/movement o Information was transformed into a commodity that could be bought and sold. o It was now easier to coordinate large scale efforts over space and time. This helped business and the military. o Civil War used the telegraph used to communicate quickly with their soldiers o Communication Technology is adapted as it is needed o High-speed printing press » Printing Presses became faster & bigger » Advancements o Two-sided printing o Mechanical Processing o Halftones o Full Color Printing o Typewriter » Invented in 1868 » Increased Speed and Reliability o Typesetting » Once done by hand, but was replaced by a mechanical process » Slow, tedious process o Photography » Photojournalism o Really took off around the Civil War » Photos were reproduced as engravings » 1860’s is when they started using pictures in newspapers » Images were low quality until they learned to create easier engravings » Matthew Brady (civil war photography) o Yellow journalism (1880’s-1920s) » Sensationalism o Gossip, crimes, etc » Watchdog & investigation journalism o Hold people with power accountable with their actions » A circulation war emerged between two major newspapers (both in New York) o The World o The Journal o Key Figures 2 o Joseph Pulitzer (The World) o William Randolph Hearst (The Journal) o Nellie Bly Investigative Journalist Reputation for Taking on Tough Stories Persuaded “The World” to hire her Most Famous Project o Went under-cover at Blackwell’s Island Asylum for 10 days, when she got out she went back to the newspaper and writes about the treatment, the public is outraged, doctors say that it was not true, government had to up the funding for the asylum to help treatment o Wrote about divorce & women sufferage o Wrote about the bad thigs in companies o Competed with Amanda Days o Didn’t care for other’s opiions o Fierce competitor o Sensationalism & Tabloids » New York Daily News o Covered execution of Ruth Snyder o Photographer took a picture of Snyder from a camera on his foot Government was angry 3 Public was able to see/know what the government did » New York Post o By the 1920s, some newspapers were adopting a model based on a new ethos of journalism » Credibility not sensationalism » Objectivity became a standard o Interviewing introduced o Before it was paraphrased of investigation » Targeted at the affluent and powerful o Sell our papers to people with power & money o Reach above those that like sensationalism » Dropped price to attract the middle class o Modern Newspapers (1930s-1980s) » 1880s: 973 dailies » 1920s: 2042 dailies » Rural to urban societies » Suburban weeklies were made » Change in model of how journalism was supported » Advertising is the majority portion of what funds a publication o Publishing The Tribune o Newspaper Consolidation: Three Causes » Loss of advertising revenue » Rising production costs » Economic conditions because there was more competitions » Different media 4 o Radio – drew away a lot of readers, decreased newspaper revenues by 3% o TVs o Online – destroys ideas of newspapers 5
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