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CLT3370 Chapter 3 notes

by: Alex Wright

CLT3370 Chapter 3 notes

Alex Wright


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These notes cover the importance of the sources of mythology ad the way that they have evolved from the Archaic to the Hellenistic period
Class Notes
Greek Mythology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Wright on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views.


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Date Created: 08/27/16
CHAPTER 3 NOTES BEGINNINGS OF GREEK MYTHOLOGY  While the greek society grew in the Balkans, much of their cultural influence is actually from the societies around Mesopotamia Beginnings of Greek Myth  Statues found in the museums across Europe have enlarged sex organs and are believed to be depictions of the god and goddess of fertility o Due to the amount of of statues like this one may believe that they also were meant to bring new life to the dead  Artemis is often depicted amongst powerful animals in nature and thus was called Potnia theron, or lady of the beasts  Greek myths can also be derived and constructed from the Indo-European myths o Zeus name is similar to that of the Indo-european sky god o We also see similarities in the myths about twins in both cultures o Many of the Greek gods and goddess’ are listed by name on the linear B tablets  Thus we are able to conclude that some of the goddess’ were known in the Mycenaean age  Myths presented by the Aoidoi, were a form of entertainment , and were preformed by illiterate singers  This language was presented in and unconscious rhythm, diactylic Hexameter  One example would be that of Hesiod and Demodocus and the quarrel between odysseus and Achilles o Because of this myth we believe that some of the battles occurred in the late bronze age The influence near eastern myth  While most Greek myths were about the battle of the gods to manage the world, the others myths are not involved in that  In 1700, on of the writings that was common among the area was named Cuneiform by an Italian scholar o After they were able to decipher it to some degree they discovered the Genesis book and thus began to questions the original intent for the myth as religion or Divine myth Sumerian Myth  The sumerians have an unknown race and and spoke a language related to any other language  They Survived on Irrigation agriculture , in being able to sustain on this they were able to build full-fledged city-states o Each city had its own protective diety that managed their fortunes and triumph o An was their sky god  Had a daughter Inanna who was the goddess of sexual love and war o Anitu was another and the gods came down from the sky o Enlil was inversely the god of the storm  He also had control of the tablet of destiny o Enki was the lord of the earth and fertilization  He was also the trickster of the gods as well as magic and wisdom o Ki was the mother of earth and is similar to demeter o Ereshkigal was the queen of the great below and is similar to persephone o Royal privileges were granted from heaven  These god often appeared as human shape  Most Sumerian myths are divine and posses super human abilities Semitic Myth o They were a nomadic people and followed the Hebrew bible o Known as the Akkadians and took over southern Sumerians o Due to the lack of organization and thus the map was reorganized o Moses was a great leader that lead them to was the firs to record the comandments o Moses the lead the people to invade Canaan and the philistines , upo this the people stayed in Babylon and fell under the influence of the Mesopotamian culture  Due to their time in captivity it lead the to grow faith in a new god called Yahweh  Thus they wrote down their new faith and created the old testament, written in the pheonician alphabet Other sources o The Hittites controlled Anatolia o They inherited cultural traits from the Hittites o Another sourceof mythology Is the Egyptians o Most importantly the murer of Osiris and his resurrection through the magic of Isis Homer o The earliest Greek Literature is those of Homer, who was the first to write what is known as a epic o The greek Alphabet made this possible o The Iliad is set during the tenth year of the Trojan war  Despite the massive cultural significance in the this poem, shcolars cannot find out what their purpose was  These are called the Homeric questions o Homer knows very little about the Bronze age o Due to the social and rethgious tendancies, we can conclude that Homer was alive in the 8 century Hesiod o Theogony reflects a bit of Hesiods time period in the addressing of moral treatise and almanac o His first poem is o o inspired by the Muses and it id the muses wh gifted hum the power of song o Hesiod sang in funeral games o Euboeans were the first possessors of the Greek alphabet The Homeric Hymns o These epics that come from the archaic period are called the cyclic poems that surround the Odessey and The Iliad o Another source during the Archaic period is the Homeric Hymns o A series of Orally transmitted These epics that come from the archaic period are called the cyclic poems that surround the Odessey and The Iliad o Another source during the Archaic period is the Homeric Hymns  A series of Orally transmitted hymns, that are believed to be told by homer himself  Four are told to the gods, Demeter, Apollo, Hermes, and Aphrodite  They are mythic narrative  They were only performed by the specially trained Aoidoi Greek myths in the classical period: Tragedy  Humanism lies in the heart of western civilization culture  Rhapsodes are memorized oral texts that were performed with a staf  Because of this ew access to all members of society, myths became very popular  With the new age, new forms of literature emerged such as lyric poetry and choral song  Performed by twelve or more boys and girls  The most impactful piece of literature is the Tragedian plays  All of the actors are male and wore masks  Pisistraus encouraged the production of plays to encourage the growing mercantile class  These plays go from higher power to a dramatic turn of power through a catastrophe, often through the Harmatia  Hubris translated as violence not pride  Aeshylus – We have 7 plays that survive and he is the earliest known tragedian  Sophocles- Work coincides with the political dominance of Athens, 7 surviving plays  Euripides-plays often include deflated heroes, 19 plays survive  He is the most modern of the writers  Tragedy cares little for the mythic cycle  No possibillity is omitted  While these plays were being written, the worlds first attempt at science was coming around Greek myth in the Hellenistic period  In 331 BC Alexander the great founded Alexandria in Egypt, where all the greatest and cherished texts were kept and preserved o These texts included myths, math, astronomy, medicine  These myths then were read from the actual papyrus that it was recorded on  Alexandrian scholars wrote poems based on mythic topics  Apollonius of Rhodes wrote the epic of the Argonauts and Jason  Mythographers collected the information for Alexandria The Roman Appreciation of greek myth  When Rome took over Greece they took the political side, Greek culture stayed true and Rome adopted Greek culture  Roman Author Aeneus wrote the epic the Aeneid, describing the underworld  Poetry of the Ovid is our most important source from the Roman Empire  They also wrote Metamorphoses, because to all generation it is ever changing  Romans myth is characterized by the extreme violence and savage emotion  We struggle to diferentiate myth and the literature that embodies it  Our real questions lie in why these stories are still popular


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