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Practice Upload

by: Barrett Young

Practice Upload PSC 1011

Barrett Young

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Introduction to Politics I
Goldman, S
Class Notes
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Barrett Young on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 1011 at George Washington University taught by Goldman, S in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Politics I in Political Science at George Washington University.

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Date Created: 08/27/16
Chapter 4­ Racial sacrifice covenants happen when white policymakers have interests that harm  whites and blacks alike, but racism is used as a tool to oppress. Chapter 5­ Justice for blacks is only allowed when it matches the interests of white  policymakers. Chapter 6­ justice for blacks vs. racism = racism; justice for blacks vs. obvious perceptions of  white self interest = justice for blacks. Brown = anticommunism Chapter 7­ Rule 1­ When blacks and white policymakers have interests converge, racial relief  will be given. Rule 2­ Even when 1 happens; the instant remedial policy’s threaten the superior social status of  whites, racial reform will be abrogated. Racial fortuity is the combination of interest convergence and racial sacrifice.  Racial fortuity resembles a contract law concept: third­party beneficiary. Chapter 8­ Racism is permanent and popular democracy and free markets are contradictory.  Racism serves to fracture the poor to the benefit of the wealthiest in capitalist societies. Privilege for poor whites is “psychological” because “whiteness becomes a form of property.”  Chapter 15­ Racial reform via court case doesn’t work because it is merely “equality by  proclamation.” Blacks need to focus on pragmatic change rather than seek a utopian ideal. The  reason is that it leads civil rights advocates to confuse principles and tactics. Whites have gained  cultural hegemony, and by appealing to white colorblind ideas, civil rights activists are  counterproductive. The key is to take advantage whenever interest convergence exists and  maintain those gains. Reformers must think in terms of “what is”. Racial reform should be tied to protecting white people’s pocketbooks. Black newspapers and media need to become stronger.  Protests are still useful. Pragmatism must outweigh idealism.


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